Table of Contents
Journal of Polymers
Volume 2013, Article ID 356058, 12 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/356058
Research Article

Studies on Ion-Exchange Properties of Polyaniline Zr(IV) Tungstoiodophosphate Nanocomposite Ion Exchanger

1Research Department of Chemistry, Aditanar College of Arts and Science, Tiruchendur, Tamilnadu 628 216, India
2Department of Chemistry, T.D.M.N.S. College, Kallikulam, Tamilnadu 627 113, India

Received 22 March 2013; Revised 31 July 2013; Accepted 6 August 2013

Academic Editor: José R. d'Almeida

Copyright © 2013 K. Jacinth Mispa et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Organic-inorganic hybrid materials prepared by sol-gel approach have attracted a great deal of attention in material science. Organic polymeric part of the composite provides mechanical and chemical stability whereas the inorganic part supports the ion-exchange behaviour and thermal stability and also increases the electrical conductivity. Such modified composite materials can be applied as an electrochemically switchable ion exchanger for water treatment, especially water softening. Polyaniline zirconium(IV) tungstoiodophosphate nanocomposite ion exchanger is prepared by sol-gel method. Polyaniline zirconium(IV) tungstoiodophosphate nanocomposite ion exchanger is synthesized and characterized by Fourier transform-infrared spectra, ultraviolet-visible spectra, X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, thermogravimetric analysis, ion exchange, conductivity, and antimicrobial studies. A mechanism for the formation of the polyaniline zirconium(IV) tungstoiodophosphate nanocomposite ion exchanger was discussed. The route reported here may be used for the preparation of other nanocomposite ion exchangers.