Table of Contents
Journal of Polymers
Volume 2017 (2017), Article ID 3125385, 8 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/3125385
Research Article

Characterization of Native and Graft Copolymerized Albizia Gums and Their Application as a Flocculant

Department of Chemistry, Federal University of Agriculture, Abeokuta, Nigeria

Correspondence should be addressed to T. Adeniyi Afolabi

Received 5 April 2017; Accepted 7 May 2017; Published 18 June 2017

Academic Editor: Yves Grohens

Copyright © 2017 T. Adeniyi Afolabi and Daniel G. Adekanmi. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The functional properties and flocculation efficiency of purified Albizia saman (AS) and Albizia glaberrima (AG) gum exudates modified by graft copolymerization with acrylamide were investigated. The grafting efficiency of AS and AG was 54 and 58%, respectively. The cold water-insoluble gel of native AS and AG was 38.23 and 35.55%, which increased to 39.75 and 40.55% after graft copolymerization. Graft copolymerization of AS and AG gums reduced their oil binding and emulsion capacity from 4.89 and 3.44% to 3.69 and 2.40%, respectively. The dissolution kinetics of the native gums between 40 and 90°C and 0 and 150 min revealed a steady increase in solubility of the native gums from 6.05 to 9.53 g/L (AS) and 5.90 to 8.78 g/L (AG). The flocculation efficiency of the native AS and AG gums at 50 ppm concentration was 74.30 and 74.73%, which increased to 98.46% and 98.29% in the graft copolymerized gums, respectively.