Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Journal of Parasitology Research
Volume 2010, Article ID 823892, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2010/823892
Research Article

Porcine Cysticercosis and Risk Factors in The Gambia and Senegal

1International Trypanotolerance Centre, PMB. 14, Banjul, Gambia
2Department of Animal Health, Institute of Tropical Medicine, Nationalestraat 155, 2000 Antwerp, Belgium
3Department of Veterinary Tropical Diseases, Faculty of Veterinary Sciences, University of Pretoria, Private Bag X04, Pretoria 0002, South Africa
4Laboratory of Pathology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Antwerp, 2000 Antwerp, Belgium

Received 5 February 2010; Revised 16 May 2010; Accepted 6 July 2010

Academic Editor: Alvin A. Gajadhar

Copyright © 2010 Arss Secka et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

During a stratified cross-sectional survey, 1705 pigs were sampled from 279 randomly selected households, 63 randomly selected communities and villages, from four study areas in The Gambia and Senegal during the period October 2007 to January 2008. Porcine cysticercosis prevalence detected by tongue inspection at animal level per study area ranged from 0.1% to 1.0%. Using an antigen-detection ELISA the seroprevalence of cysticercosis at both community/village and animal levels for the four selected study areas is: Western region 80.0% (95%CI: 52.4%–93.6%) and 4.8% (95%CI: 3.4%–6.5%), Bignona 86.7% (95%CI: 59.8%–96.6%) and 8.9% (95%CI: 5.0%–15.5%), Kolda 82.4% (95%CI: 46.8%–96.1%) and 13.2% (95%CI: 10.8%–16.0%), and Ziguinchor 81.3% (95%CI: 43.5%–96.1%) and 6.4% (95%CI: 4.0%–10.1%), respectively. No risk factors for cysticercosis were found significant in this study. This study proved that porcine cysticercosis is endemic and distributed widely in the study areas though its incidence might be suppressed by the generalised use of toilets and latrines in the study areas.