Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Journal of Parasitology Research
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 613132, 9 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/613132
Research Article

Survey of the Synanthropic Flies Associated with Human Habitations in Ubon Ratchathani Province of Northeast Thailand

1College of Medicine and Public Health, Ubon Ratchathani University, Warinchamrap, Ubon Ratchathani 34190, Thailand
2Faculty of Medicine, Chiang Mai University, Muang, Chiang Mai 50200, Thailand
3Pathology, Microbiology and Immunology, University of California, Davis, CA 95616, USA
4Bung Borapet Research and Training Center, Mahidol University Nakhonsawan Campus, Nakhonsawan 60000, Thailand

Received 2 February 2012; Accepted 27 June 2012

Academic Editor: D. S. Lindsay

Copyright © 2012 Tarinee Chaiwong et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Synanthropic fly surveys were performed to determine the species composition and abundance in Ubon Ratchathani province in Northeast Thailand. Adult fly collections were conducted in various human habitations from two districts—Muang Ubon Ratchathani and Warinchamrap, at fresh-food markets, garbage piles, restaurants, school cafeterias, and rice paddy fields. Customized reconstructable funnel fly traps baited with 250 g of 1-day tainted beef were used for fly collections from September 2010–February 2011. A total of 3,262 flies were captured, primarily consisting of three families including: Calliphoridae (6 species), Muscidae (3 species), and Sarcophagidae (11 species). The blow fly, Chrysomya megacephala, and the house fly, Musca domestica, were the dominant species collected from both districts at all collection sites. C. megacephala was predominant in paddy fields, restaurants and garbage piles, while M. domestica was numerically dominant in fresh-food markets and school cafeterias. The current survey identified various species of synanthropic flies with close associations to humans and with the ability to transmit human pathogens in Ubon Ratchathani province; providing crucial information that may be used for developing control and sanitation management plans in this particular area.