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Journal of Parasitology Research
Volume 2014, Article ID 603484, 4 pages
Research Article

Prevalence Survey of Selected Bovine Pathogens in Water Buffaloes in the North Region of Brazil

1Laboratório de Imunoparasitologia, Departamento de Patologia Veterinária, Faculdade de Ciências Agrárias e Veterinárias FCAV-UNESP, Via de Acesso Professor Paulo Donato Castellane s/n, 14884-900 Jaboticabal, SP, Brazil
2Laboratório de Doenças Parasitárias, Departamento de Epidemiologia e Saúde Pública, Universidade Federal Rural de Rio de Janeiro (UFRRJ), BR 465 Km 7, 23890-000 Seropédica, RJ, Brazil
3Instituto de Medicina Veterinária, Universidade Federal do Pará (UFPA), Rodovia BR 316 Km 61, Bairro Saudade, 68740-970 Castanhal, PA, Brazil

Received 30 August 2013; Accepted 4 November 2013; Published 19 January 2014

Academic Editor: Fabio Ribeiro Braga

Copyright © 2014 Jenevaldo Barbosa da Silva et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Although the largest buffalo herd in the occident is in the north region of Brazil, few studies have been conducted to assess the prevalence of selected parasitic diseases in buffalo herd. The present study was therefore conducted to investigate the epidemiological of Toxoplasma gondii, Neospora caninum, Anaplasma marginale, Babesia bigemina, and Babesia bovis in water buffaloes in the north region of Brazil. A total of 4796 buffalo blood samples were randomly collected from five provinces and simultaneously analyzed by the IFAT and ELISA. The serological prevalence of T. gondii and N. caninum was 41.3% and 55.5% in ELISA and 35.7% and 48.8% in IFAT, respectively. The overall prevalence of A. marginale, B. bovis, and B. bigemina was 63%, 25%, and 21% by ELISA and 50.0%, 22.5%, and 18.8% by IFAT, respectively. This study shows valuable information regarding the serological survey of selected bovine pathogens in water buffaloes in the north region of Brazil which will likely be very beneficial for the management and control programs of this disease.