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Journal of Parasitology Research
Volume 2017 (2017), Article ID 5651717, 6 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/5651717
Research Article

Prevalence and Correlates of Intestinal Parasites among Patients Admitted to Mirembe National Mental Health Hospital, Dodoma, Tanzania

1Department of Internal Medicine and Child Health, Psychiatry Division, School of Medicine, College of Health Science, The University of Dodoma, Dodoma, Tanzania
2Department of Anatomy and Histology, College of Health Science, The University of Dodoma, Dodoma, Tanzania
3Department of Microbiology and Parasitology, College of Health Sciences, The University of Dodoma, Dodoma, Tanzania

Correspondence should be addressed to Azan A. Nyundo; moc.liamg@jannaza

Received 15 February 2017; Accepted 26 April 2017; Published 22 May 2017

Academic Editor: Ana Maria Jansen

Copyright © 2017 Azan A. Nyundo et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Background. Neglected tropical diseases continue to be one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality in the developing world. Psychiatric patients are among groups at risk for parasitic infection although control and monitoring programs largely overlook this population. This study aimed at determining prevalence and factors associated with intestinal parasitic infection among patients admitted to a psychiatric facility. Method. The study followed cross-sectional design; all the residing patients that met the inclusion criteria were included in the survey. Stool samples were collected and examined by direct wet preparation and formol-ether concentration. Data were analyzed with STATA version 12.1; Chi-square test was computed to determine the level of significance at value < 0.05. Results. Of all 233 patients who returned the stool samples, 29 (12.45%) screened were positive for an intestinal parasite. There was no significant association between parasite carriage and age, sex, or duration of hospital stay. Conclusion. The study shows that intestinal parasitic infection is common among patients in a psychiatric facility and highlights that parasitic infections that enter through skin penetration may be a more common mode of transmission than the oral route. Furthermore, the study underscores the need for surveillance and intervention programs to control and manage these infections.