TY - JOUR
A2 - Gil-Alana, Luis A.
AU - Zhu, Yingyu
AU - Li, Simon
PY - 2018
DA - 2018/12/02
TI - Similarity Statistics for Clusterability Analysis with the Application of Cell Formation Problem
SP - 1348147
VL - 2018
AB - This paper proposes the use of the statistics of similarity values to evaluate the clusterability or structuredness associated with a cell formation (CF) problem. Typically, the structuredness of a CF solution cannot be known until the CF problem is solved. In this context, this paper investigates the similarity statistics of machine pairs to estimate the potential structuredness of a given CF problem without solving it. One key observation is that a well-structured CF solution matrix has a relatively high percentage of high-similarity machine pairs. Then, histograms are used as a statistical tool to study the statistical distributions of similarity values. This study leads to the development of the U-shape criteria and the criterion based on the Kolmogorov-Smirnov test. Accordingly, a procedure is developed to classify whether an input CF problem can potentially lead to a well-structured or ill-structured CF matrix. In the numerical study, 20 matrices were initially used to determine the threshold values of the criteria, and 40 additional matrices were used to verify the results. Further, these matrix examples show that genetic algorithm cannot effectively improve the well-structured CF solutions (of high grouping efficacy values) that are obtained by hierarchical clustering (as one type of heuristics). This result supports the relevance of similarity statistics to preexamine an input CF problem instance and suggest a proper solution approach for problem solving.
SN - 1687-952X
UR - https://doi.org/10.1155/2018/1348147
DO - 10.1155/2018/1348147
JF - Journal of Probability and Statistics
PB - Hindawi
KW -
ER -