Table of Contents
Journal of Powder Technology
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 368721, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/368721
Research Article

Workability Behaviour of Powder Metallurgy Aluminium Composites

School of Engineering and Physics, Faculty of Science, Technology and Environment, The University of the South Pacific, Laucala Campus, Private Mail Bag, Suva, Fiji

Received 23 April 2014; Accepted 17 June 2014; Published 1 July 2014

Academic Editor: Thierry Barriere

Copyright © 2014 S. Narayan and A. Rajeshkannan. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. G. Poshal and P. Ganesan, “Neural network approach for the selection of processing parameters of aluminium-iron composite preforms during cold upsetting,” Journal of Engineering Manufacture, vol. 224, no. 3, pp. 459–472, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. G. Abouelmagd, “Hot deformation and wear resistance of P/M aluminium metal matrix composites,” Journal of Materials Processing Technology, vol. 155-156, no. 1–3, pp. 1395–1401, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. A. Rosochowski, L. Beltrando, and S. Navarro, “Modelling of density and dimensional changes in re-pressing/sizing of sintered components,” Journal of Materials Processing Technology, vol. 80-81, pp. 188–194, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. J. Mascarenhas, “Powder metallurgy: a major partner of the sustainable development,” Materials Science Forum, vol. 455-456, pp. 857–860, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. Y. Sahin, “Preparation and some properties of SiC particle reinforced aluminium alloy composites,” Materials and Design, vol. 24, no. 8, pp. 671–679, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. Y. Sahin, “The effect of sliding speed and microstructure on the dry wear properties of metal-matrix composites,” Wear, vol. 214, no. 1, pp. 98–106, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. R. Derakhshandeh. H and A. Jenabali Jahromi, “An investigation on the capability of equal channel angular pressing for consolidation of aluminum and aluminum composite powder,” Materials and Design, vol. 32, no. 6, pp. 3377–3388, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. S. M. Zebarjad and S. A. Sajjadi, “Dependency of physical and mechanical properties of mechanical alloyed Al-Al2O3 composite on milling time,” Materials and Design, vol. 28, no. 7, pp. 2113–2120, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. J. B. Fogagnolo, F. Velasco, M. H. Robert, and J. M. Torralba, “Effect of mechanical alloying on the morphology, microstructure and properties of aluminium matrix composite powders,” Materials Science and Engineering A, vol. 342, no. 1-2, pp. 131–143, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. B. Prabhu, C. Suryanarayana, L. An, and R. Vaidyanathan, “Synthesis and characterization of high volume fraction Al-Al2O3 nanocomposite powders by high-energy milling,” Materials Science and Engineering A, vol. 425, no. 1-2, pp. 192–200, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. S. Sheibani and M. F. Najafabadi, “In situ fabrication of Al-TiC Metal Matrix Composites by reactive slag process,” Materials and Design, vol. 28, no. 8, pp. 2373–2378, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. L. Zhong, Y. Xu, M. Hojamberdiev, J. Wang, and J. Wang, “In situ fabrication of titanium carbide particulates-reinforced iron matrix composites,” Materials and Design, vol. 32, no. 7, pp. 3790–3795, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. C. Y. Liu, Q. Wang, Y. Z. Jia et al., “Evaluation of mechanical properties of 1060-Al reinforced with WC particles via warm accumulative roll bonding process,” Materials & Design, vol. 43, pp. 367–372, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. R. Narayanasamy, T. Ramesh, and K. S. Pandey, “Some aspects on workability of aluminium-iron powder metallurgy composite during cold upsetting,” Materials Science and Engineering A, vol. 391, no. 1-2, pp. 418–426, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. M. Abdel-Rahman and M. N. El-Sheikh, “Workability in forging of powder metallurgy compacts,” Journal of Materials Processing Tech., vol. 54, no. 1–4, pp. 97–102, 1995. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. D. Vilotić, M. Plančk, S. Grbić, S. Alexandrov, and N. Chikanova, “An approach to determining the workability diagram based on upsetting tests,” Fatigue and Fracture of Engineering Materials and Structures, vol. 26, no. 4, pp. 305–310, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. D. Vilotić, M. Plančak, D. Čupković, S. Alexandrov, and N. Alexandrova, “Free surface fracture in three upsetting tests,” Experimental Mechanics, vol. 46, no. 1, pp. 115–120, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. A. El-Domiaty, “Cold workability limits for carbon and alloy steels,” Journal of Materials Engineering and Performance, vol. 8, no. 2, pp. 171–183, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. S. Narayan and A. Rajeshkannan, “Densification behaviour in forming of sintered iron −0.35% carbon powder metallurgy preform during cold upsetting,” Materials and Design, vol. 32, no. 2, pp. 1006–1013, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. D. Shanmugasundaram and R. Chandramouli, “Tensile and impact behaviour of sinter-forged Cr, Ni and Mo alloyed powder metallurgy steels,” Materials and Design, vol. 30, no. 9, pp. 3444–3449, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. L. Hua, X. Qin, H. Mao, and Y. Zhao, “Plastic deformation and yield criterion for compressible sintered powder materials,” Journal of Materials Processing Technology, vol. 180, no. 1–3, pp. 174–178, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. X. Q. Zhang, Y. H. Peng, M. Q. Li, S. C. Wu, and X. Y. Ruan, “Study of Workability Limits of Porous Materials under Different Upsetting Conditions by Compressible Rigid Plastic Finite Element Method,” Journal of Materials Engineering and Performance, vol. 9, no. 2, pp. 164–169, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. Y. Bao, “Dependence of ductile crack formation in tensile tests on stress triaxiality, stress and strain ratios,” Engineering Fracture Mechanics, vol. 72, no. 4, pp. 505–522, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. Y. Bao and T. Wierzbicki, “On fracture locus in the equivalent strain and stress triaxiality space,” International Journal of Mechanical Sciences, vol. 46, no. 1, pp. 81–98, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. H. A. Kuhn and C. L. Downey, “How flow and fracture affect design of preforms for powder forging,” International Journal of Powder Metallurgy & Powder Technology, vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 59–66, 1974. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. B. Hwang and S. Kobayashi, “Deformation characterization of powdered metals in compaction,” International Journal of Machine Tools and Manufacture, vol. 30, no. 2, pp. 309–323, 1990. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. M. A. Shabara, A. A. El-Domiaty, and A. Kandil, “Validity assessment of ductile fracture criteria in cold forming,” Journal of Materials Engineering and Performance, vol. 5, no. 4, pp. 478–488, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. X. ZHANG, W. ZENG, Y. SHU et al., “Fracture criterion for predicting surface cracking of Ti40 alloy in hot forming processes,” Transactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China, vol. 19, no. 2, pp. 267–271, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. R. Narayanasamy, V. Anandakrishnan, and K. S. Pandey, “Effect of carbon content on workability of powder metallurgy steels,” Materials Science and Engineering A, vol. 494, no. 1-2, pp. 337–342, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. X. P. Qin and L. Hua, “Deformation and strengthening of sintered ferrous material,” Journal of Materials Processing Technology, vol. 187-188, pp. 694–697, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. H. N. Han, K. H. Oh, and D. N. Lee, “Analysis of forging limit for sintered porous metals,” Scripta Metallurgica et Materiala, vol. 32, no. 12, pp. 1937–1944, 1995. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. R. W. Lewis and A. R. Khoei, “A plasticity model for metal powder forming processes,” International Journal of Plasticity, vol. 17, no. 12, pp. 1659–1692, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Zentralblatt MATH · View at Scopus
  33. S. Narayan and A. Rajeshkannan, “Workability studies in forming of sintered iron −0.35% carbon powder metallurgy preform during cold upsetting,” Journal of Iron and Steel Research International, vol. 18, no. 12, pp. 71–78, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  34. S. Narayan and A. Rajeshkannan, “Influence of carbon content on workability behavior in the formation of sintered plain carbon steel preforms,” International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology, vol. 64, no. 1–4, pp. 105–111, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  35. R. Narayanasamy, R. Ponalagusamy, and K. R. Subramanian, “Generalized yield criteria of porous sintered powder metallurgy metals,” Journal of Materials Processing Technology, vol. 110, no. 2, pp. 182–185, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  36. R. Narayanasamy, V. Anandakrishnan, and K. S. Pandey, “Effect of geometric work-hardening and matrix work-hardening on workability and densification of aluminium—3.5% alumina composite during cold upsetting,” Materials and Design, vol. 29, no. 8, pp. 1582–1599, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  37. S. Shima and M. Oyane, “Plasticity theory for porous metals,” International Journal of Mechanical Sciences, vol. 18, no. 6, pp. 285–291, 1976. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  38. S. M. Doraivelu, H. L. Gegel, J. S. Gunasekera, J. C. Malas, J. T. Morgan, and J. F. Thomas Jr., “A new yield function for compressible P M materials,” International Journal of Mechanical Sciences, vol. 26, no. 9-10, pp. 527–535, 1984. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus