Table of Contents
Journal of Powder Technology
Volume 2015, Article ID 786063, 12 pages
Research Article

Investigation into the Flow Properties of Coarse Solid Fuels for Use in Industrial Feed Systems

Energy and Environmental Engineering Research Group (EEERG), Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering, University of Sheffield, Mappin Street, Sheffield S1 3JD, UK

Received 16 February 2015; Revised 8 May 2015; Accepted 17 May 2015

Academic Editor: Alberto Di Renzo

Copyright © 2015 James M. Craven et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. G. Wiltsee, Lessons Learned from Existing Biomass Power Plants, National Renewable Energy Laboratory, West Sacramento, Calif, USA, 2000.
  2. S. van Loo and J. Koppejan, The Handbook of Biomass Combustion and Co-Firing, Earthscan, 2008.
  3. D. L. Bonk and A. Hay, Stamet Solids Pump Feeds Coal into 210 psig in a DOE Supported Project, Power-Gen America, Anaheim, Calif, USA, 1995.
  4. S. J. Clayton, G. J. Stiegel, and J. G. Wimer, Gasification Technologies: Gasification Markets and Technologies—Present and Future: An Industry Perspective, US-DOE, 2002.
  5. M. C. Huéscar, H. N. Phylaktou, G. E. Andrews, and B. M. Gibbs, Determination of the Minimum Explosible and Most Reactive Concentrations for Pulverised Biomass Using a Modified Hartmann Apparatus, Energy Research Institute, University of Leeds, Leeds, UK, 2012.
  6. C. H. Medina, H. N. Phylaktou, H. Sattar, G. E. Andrews, and B. M. Gibbs, “The development of an experimental method for the determination of the minimum explosible concentration of biomass powders,” Biomass and Bioenergy, vol. 53, pp. 95–104, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. M. Merritt, “Biomass: energy remedy or safety headache?” The Chemical Engineer, no. 857, pp. 30–34, 2012. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. H. A. Janssen, “Tests on grain pressure silos,” Zeitschrift des Vereines Deutscher Ingenieure, vol. 39, pp. 1045–1049, 1895. View at Google Scholar
  9. M. Sperl, “Experiments on corn pressure in silo cells—translation and comment of Janssen's paper from 1895,” Granular Matter, vol. 8, no. 2, pp. 59–65, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. A. W. Jenike, Gravity Flow of Bulk Solids, Bulletin no. 108, Utah Engineering Experimental Station, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah, USA, 1961.
  11. A. W. Jenike, “Storage and flow of solids,” Bulletin No. 123, Utah Engineering Experimental Station, University of Utah, 1964. View at Google Scholar
  12. F. Miccio, D. Barletta, and M. Poletto, “Flow properties and arching behavior of biomass particulate solids,” Powder Technology, vol. 235, pp. 312–321, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. M. R. Wu, D. L. Schott, and G. Lodewijks, “Physical properties of solid biomass,” Biomass and Bioenergy, vol. 35, no. 5, pp. 2093–2105, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. N. Chevanan, A. R. Womac, V. S. P. Bitra, D. C. Yoder, and S. Sokhansanj, “Flowability parameters for chopped switchgrass, wheat straw and corn stover,” Powder Technology, vol. 193, no. 1, pp. 79–86, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. P. Adapa, L. Tabil, and G. Schoenau, “Physical and frictional properties of non-treated and steam exploded barley, canola, oat and wheat straw grinds,” Powder Technology, vol. 201, no. 3, pp. 230–241, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. D. Barletta, R. J. Berry, S. H. Larsson, T. A. Lestander, M. Poletto, and A. Ramírez-Gómez, “Can bulk solids best practice techniques for flow characterization and storage/handling equipment design be used reliably for biomass materials of different classes?” in Proceedings of the 7th International Conference for Conveying and Handling of Particulate Solids (CHoPS '12), Friedrichshafen, Germany, September 2012. View at Scopus
  17. M. J. Rhodes, Introduction to Particle Technology, Wiley, 2008.
  18. D. Schulze, Powders and Bulk Solids: Behavior, Characterization, Storage and Flow, Springer, New York, NY, USA, 2008.
  19. J. M. Craven, J. Swithenbank, V. N. Sharifi, D. Peralta-Solorio, G. Kelsall, and P. Sage, “Development of a novel solids feed system for high pressure gasification,” Fuel Processing Technology, vol. 119, pp. 32–40, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. C. R. Woodcock and J. S. Mason, Bulk Solids Handling: An Introduction to the Practice and Technology, Chapman & Hall, 1996.
  21. P. C. Arnold, A. G. Mclean, and A. W. Roberts, Bulk Solids: Storage, Flow and Handling, TUNRA Bulk Solids Handling Research Associates, 1982.
  22. K. Jacob, Bin and Hopper Design, The Dow Chemical Company, 2000.
  23. R. J. Berry, Personal Communication, The Wolfson Centre for Bulk Solids Handling Technology, University of Greenwich, 2013.