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Journal of Renewable Energy
Volume 2013, Article ID 475282, 5 pages
Research Article

A Technical Note on Fabrication and Thermal Performance Studies of a Solar Pond Model

1Department of Mechanical Engineering, MIT, Moradabad 244001, India
2Department of Mechanical Engineering, NIT, Hamirpur 177001, India

Received 19 December 2012; Accepted 10 February 2013

Academic Editor: Zuhal Oktay

Copyright © 2013 Abhishek Saxena and Varun Goel. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


A solar pond has been fabricated to analyze the thermal behavior of it, in the climatic conditions of Moradabad, Uttar Pradesh. Sodium chloride (NaCl) has been used to form a salt gradient for better performance, and a dark-colored (blackened) rigid surface bottom with 1 mm irregularities has been considered for trapping the heat in a good amount. A solar pond with a surface area of 2.56 m2 and a depth of 1 m has been filled with salty water of various densities to form three salty water zones (upper convective, nonconvective, and heat storage). A few investigations have been carried out to evaluate the thermal efficiencies of three different zones of the solar pond. An attempt is also made to improve the thermal performance of the salt gradient solar pond.