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Journal of Renewable Energy
Volume 2015, Article ID 128496, 9 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/128496
Research Article

A Pedestrian Approach to Indoor Temperature Distribution Prediction of a Passive Solar Energy Efficient House

University of Fort Hare, Private Bag Box X1314, Alice 5700, South Africa

Received 23 April 2015; Accepted 15 October 2015

Academic Editor: Cheng-Xian Lin

Copyright © 2015 Golden Makaka. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

With the increase in energy consumption by buildings in keeping the indoor environment within the comfort levels and the ever increase of energy price there is need to design buildings that require minimal energy to keep the indoor environment within the comfort levels. There is need to predict the indoor temperature during the design stage. In this paper a statistical indoor temperature prediction model was developed. A passive solar house was constructed; thermal behaviour was simulated using ECOTECT and DOE computer software. The thermal behaviour of the house was monitored for a year. The indoor temperature was observed to be in the comfort level for 85% of the total time monitored. The simulation results were compared with the measured results and those from the prediction model. The statistical prediction model was found to agree (95%) with the measured results. Simulation results were observed to agree (96%) with the statistical prediction model. Modeled indoor temperature was most sensitive to the outdoor temperatures variations. The daily mean peak ones were found to be more pronounced in summer (5%) than in winter (4%). The developed model can be used to predict the instantaneous indoor temperature for a specific house design.