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Journal of Renewable Energy
Volume 2015 (2015), Article ID 148587, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/148587
Research Article

Biodiesel Production Process Optimization from Sugar Apple Seed Oil (Annona squamosa) and Its Characterization

1Department of Automobile Engineering, PDA College of Engineering, Gulbarga Karnataka 585102, India
2Department of Mechanical Engineering, PDA College of Engineering, Gulbarga Karnataka 585102, India

Received 21 July 2014; Accepted 22 December 2014

Academic Editor: Abdurrahman Saydut

Copyright © 2015 Siddalingappa R. Hotti and Omprakash D. Hebbal. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

This paper presents the production of biodiesel from nonedible, renewable sugar apple seed oil and its characterization. The studies were carried out on transesterification of oil with methanol and sodium hydroxide as catalyst for the production of biodiesel. The process parameters such as catalyst concentration, reaction time, and reaction temperature were optimized for the production of sugar apple biodiesel (SABD). The biodiesel yield of 95.15% was noticed at optimal process parameters. The fuel properties of biodiesel produced were found to be close to that of diesel fuel and also they meet the specifications of ASTM standards.