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Journal of Renewable Energy
Volume 2017 (2017), Article ID 4385295, 14 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/4385295
Review Article

Perspectives of Biogas Conversion into Bio-CNG for Automobile Fuel in Bangladesh

1Department of Petroleum and Mining Engineering, Jessore University of Science and Technology, Jessore 7408, Bangladesh
2Department of Industrial and Production Engineering, Jessore University of Science and Technology, Jessore 7408, Bangladesh
3School of Engineering, Royal Melbourne Institute of Technology University, Melbourne, VIC 3001, Australia
4Hajee Mohammad Danesh Science and Technology University, Dinajpur 5200, Bangladesh

Correspondence should be addressed to P. K. Halder

Received 17 March 2017; Revised 11 June 2017; Accepted 31 July 2017; Published 30 August 2017

Academic Editor: Pallav Purohit

Copyright © 2017 M. S. Shah et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The need for liquid and gaseous fuel for transportation application is growing very fast. This high consumption trend causes swift exhaustion of fossil fuel reserve as well as severe environment pollution. Biogas can be converted into various renewable automobile fuels such as bio-CNG, syngas, gasoline, and liquefied biogas. However, bio-CNG, a compressed biogas with high methane content, can be a promising candidate as vehicle fuel in replacement of conventional fuel to resolve this problem. This paper presents an overview of available liquid and gaseous fuel commonly used as transportation fuel in Bangladesh. The paper also illustrates the potential of bio-CNG conversion from biogas in Bangladesh. It is estimated that, in the fiscal year 2012-2013, the country had about 7.6775 billion m3 biogas potential equivalent to 5.088 billion m3 of bio-CNG. Bio-CNG is competitive to the conventional automobile fuels in terms of its properties, economy, and emission.