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Journal of Renewable Energy
Volume 2018, Article ID 8748731, 8 pages
Research Article

Carbon Nanotubes Modified Carbon Cloth Cathode Electrode for Self-Pumping Enzymatic Biofuel Cell

1Graduate Institute of Precision Engineering, National Chung Hsing University, Taichung City 402, Taiwan
2Innovation and Development Center of Sustainable Agriculture (IDCSA), National Chung Hsing University, 145 Xingda Road, Taichung City 402, Taiwan

Correspondence should be addressed to Hsiharng Yang; wt.ude.uhcn@gnrahish

Received 27 December 2017; Revised 24 April 2018; Accepted 25 June 2018; Published 9 July 2018

Academic Editor: Abhijeet P. Borole

Copyright © 2018 Ngoc Bich Duong et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


A self-pumping enzymatic biofuel cell (self-pumping EBC) with a new cathodic catalyst which was modified by coating the mixture of carbon nanotubes/caffeic acid (CNTs/CA) on a carbon cloth (CC) to form a CNTs/CA/CC cathode electrode was fabricated. By using UV spectrophotometer, the absorbance of CA, CNTs, and the CNTs/CA composite was observed. To evaluate how the CNTs/CA/CC cathodic electrode improves the electrochemical performance of the self-pumping EBC, the measurement of the redox reaction current peak by cyclic voltammetry (CV) was implemented. In accordance with CV measurement, the utilization of the modified CNTs/CA/CC cathodic electrode exhibited a higher oxygen reduction current peak at 319.1μA under the saturated oxygen. The anode and cathode flow rates were 0.416μls−1 and 0.844 μls−1 which contribute to obtaining the capillary driven liquid efficiency as 30% for the former and 59% for the latter. Moreover, the self-pumping EBC performance tests showed that the maximum power density (MPD) of the self-pumping EBC with the modified cathodic electrode achieved 0.592 mWcm−2 which improved 10% in the performance compared with the bare CC electrode, 0.534 mWcm−2.