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Journal of Sensors
Volume 2012, Article ID 129074, 6 pages
Research Article

Flexible GMR Sensor Array for Magnetic Flux Leakage Testing of Steel Track Ropes

NDE Division, Indira Gandhi Centre for Atomic Research, Kalpakkam 603 102, India

Received 19 November 2011; Accepted 27 December 2011

Academic Editor: Gui Yun Tian

Copyright © 2012 W. Sharatchandra Singh et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


This paper presents design and development of a flexible GMR sensor array for nondestructive detection of service-induced defects on the outer surface of 64 mm diameter steel track rope. The number of GMR elements and their locations within saddle-type magnetizing coils are optimized using a three dimensional finite element model. The performance of the sensor array has been evaluated by measuring the axial component of leakage flux from localized flaw (LF) and loss of metallic cross-sectional area (LMA) type defects introduced on the track rope. Studies reveal that the GMR sensor array can reliably detect both LF and LMA type defects in the track rope. The sensor array has a fast detection speed along the length of the track rope and does not require circumferential scanning. It is also possible to image defects using the array sensor for obtaining their spatial information.