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Journal of Sensors
Volume 2015 (2015), Article ID 641798, 13 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/641798
Research Article

Impact of Topography and Tidal Height on ALOS PALSAR Polarimetric Measurements to Estimate Aboveground Biomass of Mangrove Forest in Indonesia

1Institute of Industrial Science, University of Tokyo, Tokyo 153-8505, Japan
2Center for Remote Sensing, Institut Teknologi Bandung (ITB), Bandung 40132, Indonesia
3Institut Teknologi Nasional (ITENAS), Bandung 40124, Indonesia
4Indonesian National Institute of Aeronautics and Space (LAPAN), Jakarta 13710, Indonesia

Received 7 January 2015; Accepted 24 April 2015

Academic Editor: Jian Yang

Copyright © 2015 S. Darmawan et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

This study is focused on investigating the impact of topography and tidal height on ALOS PALSAR polarimetric measurements on HH and HV for estimating aboveground biomass (AGB) of mangrove forest in Indonesia. We used multitemporal ALOS PALSAR polarimetric measurement that covered mangrove zone in Banyuasin, Cilacap, and Teluk Bintuni and also collected tidal height data within the same acquisition date with multitemporal ALOS PALSAR polarimetric measurement. We analyzed the distribution of flooding and nonflooding areas based on tidal height and SRTM topography data, created three profiles as region of interest (ROI), and got characteristics of backscatter value on HH and HV with different tidal height. The result of this study showed backscatter of the open mangrove zones during high tide with HH value less than −20 dB and HV value less than −25 dB whereas during low tide it showed an HH value around −20 to −10 dB and HV value around −25 to −10 dB. Backscatter of the middle mangrove zones at Cilacap, with low and flat topography, showed a deviation of backscatter on HV value of 1.6 dB. Finally, the average AGB of mangrove forest in Indonesia was estimated based on ALOS PALSAR polarimetric measurements.