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Journal of Sensors
Volume 2015, Article ID 964098, 7 pages
Research Article

Variable Step-Size Method Based on a Reference Separation System for Source Separation

College of Communications, PLA University of Science and Technology, Nanjing 210007, China

Received 9 December 2014; Revised 7 April 2015; Accepted 9 April 2015

Academic Editor: Jian-Nong Cao

Copyright © 2015 Pengcheng Xu et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Traditional variable step-size methods are effective to solve the problem of choosing step-size in adaptive blind source separation process. But the initial setting of learning rate is vital, and the convergence speed is still low. This paper proposes a novel variable step-size method based on reference separation system for online blind source separation. The correlation between the estimated source signals and original source signals increases along with iteration. Therefore, we introduce a reference separation system to approximately estimate the correlation in terms of mean square error (MSE), which is utilized to update the step-size. The use of “minibatches” for the computation of MSE can reduce the complexity of the algorithm to some extent. Moreover, simulations demonstrate that the proposed method exhibits superior convergence and better steady-state performance over the fixed step-size method in the noise-free case, while converging faster than classical variable step-size methods in both stationary and nonstationary environments.