Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Journal of Sensors
Volume 2016, Article ID 1905454, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/1905454
Research Article

Water Soluble Cationic Porphyrin Sensor for Detection of Hg2+, Pb2+, Cd2+, and Cu2+

Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Stephen F. Austin State University, Nacogdoches, TX 75962, USA

Received 8 March 2016; Accepted 17 April 2016

Academic Editor: Sher Bahadar Khan

Copyright © 2016 Matibur Zamadar et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. M. Soylak, U. Divrikli, S. Saracoglu, and L. Elci, “Membrane filtration—atomic absorption spectrometry combination for copper, cobalt, cadmium, lead and chromium in environmental samples,” Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, vol. 127, no. 1, pp. 169–176, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. R. Von Burg, “Inorganic mercury,” Journal of Applied Toxicology, vol. 15, no. 6, pp. 483–493, 1995. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. T. W. Clarkson, L. Magos, and G. J. Myers, “The toxicology of mercury—current exposures and clinical manifestations,” The New England Journal of Medicine, vol. 349, no. 18, pp. 1731–1737, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. D. R. Fry and M. Zamadar, “Solid state porphyrin based mercury ion sensors,” Research & Reviews: Journal of Chemistry, vol. 4, no. 4, pp. 46–55, 2015. View at Google Scholar
  5. N. Rifai, G. Cohen, M. Wolf et al., “Incidence of lead poisoning in young children from inner-city, suburban, and rural communities,” Therapeutic Drug Monitoring, vol. 15, no. 2, pp. 71–74, 1993. View at Google Scholar
  6. F. Depault, M. Cojocaru, F. Fortin, S. Chakrabarti, and N. Lemieux, “Genotoxic effects of chromium(VI) and cadmium(II) in human blood lymphocytes using the electron microscopy in situ end-labeling (EM-ISEL) assay,” Toxicology in Vitro, vol. 20, no. 4, pp. 513–518, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. A. C. Davis, P. Wu, X. Zhang, X. Hou, and B. T. Jones, “Determination of cadmium in biological samples,” Applied Spectroscopy Reviews, vol. 41, no. 1, pp. 35–75, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. S. Dobson, Cadmium—Environmental Aspect, World Health Organizations, Geneva, Switzerland, 1992.
  9. E. L. Que, D. W. Domaille, and C. J. Chang, “Metals in neurobiology: probing their chemistry and biology with molecular imaging,” Chemical Reviews, vol. 108, no. 5, pp. 1517–1549, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. R. Uauy, M. Olivares, and M. M. Gonzalez, “Essentiality of copper in humans,” The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 67, no. 5, pp. 960–964, 1998. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. S. Ishihara, J. Labuta, W. Van Rossom et al., “Porphyrin-based sensor nanoarchitectonics in diverse physical detection modes,” Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, vol. 16, no. 21, pp. 9713–9746, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. M. Biesaga, K. Pyrzyńska, and M. Trojanowicz, “Porphyrins in analytical chemistry. A review,” Talanta, vol. 51, no. 2, pp. 209–224, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. N. M. M. Moura, C. Nuñez, S. M. Santos et al., “Functionalized porphyrins as red fluorescent probes for metal cations: spectroscopic, MALDI-TOF spectrometry, and doped-polymer studies,” ChemPlusChem, vol. 78, no. 10, pp. 1230–1243, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. H. Ishii, K. Satoh, Y. Satoh, and H. Koh, “Spectrophotometric and analogue derivative spectrophotometric determination of ultramicro amounts of cadmium with cationic porphyrins,” Talanta, vol. 29, no. 7, pp. 545–550, 1982. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. S. Igarashi, H. Suzuki, and T. Yotsuyanagi, “The equilibrium constants of cadmium(II)-, lead(II)-, magnesium(II)-, and zinc(II)-α,β,γ,δ-tetrakis(1-methylpyridinium-4-yl)porphine complexes,” Talanta, vol. 42, no. 8, pp. 1171–1177, 1995. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. E. Nyarko and M. Tabata, “Interactions of tetracationic mercury(II), cadmium(II) and lead(II) porphyrins with DNA and their effects on DNA cleavage,” Journal of Porphyrins and Phthalocyanines, vol. 5, no. 12, pp. 873–880, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. K. Kilian and K. Pyrzyńska, “Spectrophotometric study of Cd(II), Pb(II), Hg(II) and Zn(II) complexes with 5,10,15,20-tetrakis(4-carboxylphenyl)porphyrin,” Talanta, vol. 60, no. 4, pp. 669–678, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. R. Czolk, J. Reichert, and H. J. Ache, “An optical sensor for the detection of heavy metal ions,” Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical, vol. 7, no. 1–3, pp. 540–543, 1992. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. A. Morales-Bahnik, R. Czolk, J. Reichert, and H. J. Ache, “An optochemical sensor for Cd(II) and Hg(II) based on a porphyrin immobilized on Nafion membranes,” Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical, vol. 13, no. 1–3, pp. 424–426, 1993. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. Y. Xu, L. Zhao, H. Bai, W. Hong, C. Li, and G. Shi, “Chemically converted graphene induced molecular flattening of 5,10,15,20-tetrakis(1-methyl-4-pyridinio)porphyrin and its application for optical detection of cadmium(II) ions,” Journal of the American Chemical Society, vol. 131, no. 37, pp. 13490–13497, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. M. Yuan, Y. Li, J. Li et al., “A colorimetric and fluorometric dual-modal assay for mercury ion by a molecule,” Organic Letters, vol. 9, no. 12, pp. 2313–2316, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. Y. Chen, L. Wan, X. Yu, W. Li, Y. Bian, and J. Jiang, “Rational design and synthesis for versatile FRET ratiometric sensor for Hg2+ and Fe2+: a flexible 8-hydroxyquinoline benzoate linked Bodipy-Porphyrin dyad,” Organic Letters, vol. 13, no. 21, pp. 5774–5777, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. Y. Chen and J. Jiang, “Porphyrin-based multi-signal chemosensors for Pb2+ and Cu2+,” Organic & Biomolecular Chemistry, vol. 10, no. 24, pp. 4782–4787, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. Y. Chen and K. Wang, “Azacrown[N,S,O]-modified porphyrin sensor for detection of Ag+, Pb2+, and Cu2+,” Photochemical & Photobiological Sciences, vol. 12, no. 11, pp. 2001–2007, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  25. X. Liu, X. Liu, M. Tao, and W. Zhang, “A highly selective and sensitive recyclable colorimetric Hg2+ sensor based on the porphyrin-functionalized polyacrylonitrile fiber,” Journal of Materials Chemistry A, vol. 3, pp. 13254–13262, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  26. Y.-Q. Weng, F. Yue, Y.-R. Zhong, and B.-H. Ye, “A copper(II) ion-selective on-off-type fluoroionophore based on zinc porphyrin-dipyridylamino,” Inorganic Chemistry, vol. 46, no. 19, pp. 7749–7755, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. M. Tabata and M. Tanaka, “Kinetics and mechanism of cadmium(II) ion assisted incorporation of manganese(II) into 5,10,15,20-tetrakis(4-sulphonatophenyl)-porphyrinate(4-),” Journal of the Chemical Society, Dalton Transactions, no. 9, pp. 1955–1959, 1983. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. X.-L. Ni, S. Wang, X. Zeng, Z. Tao, and T. Yamato, “Pyrene-linked triazole-modified homooxacalix[3]arene: a unique C3 symmetry ratiometric fluorescent chemosensor for Pb2+,” Organic Letters, vol. 13, no. 4, pp. 552–555, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. M. Royzen, Z. Dai, and J. W. Canary, “Ratiometric displacement approach to Cu(II) sensing by fluorescence,” Journal of the American Chemical Society, vol. 127, no. 6, pp. 1612–1613, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. K. K. Onchoke, M. A. Janusa, and S. A. Sasu, “Evaluation of the performance of a rural municipal wastewater treatment plant in Nacogdoches, East Texas (USA),” Chemistry and Ecology, vol. 31, no. 6, pp. 567–582, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus