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Journal of Sensors
Volume 2016, Article ID 3270659, 11 pages
Review Article

A Comparative Study of Target Tracking Approaches in Wireless Sensor Networks

Laboratory of Applied Mathematics and Computer Science (LAMAI), Faculty of Science and Technology, Cadi Ayyad University, 40000 Marrakesh, Morocco

Received 27 May 2015; Revised 25 September 2015; Accepted 28 September 2015

Academic Editor: Wentao Zhang

Copyright © 2016 Asmaa Ez-Zaidi and Said Rakrak. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Wireless sensor networks have been the subject of intense research in recent years. Sensor nodes are used in wide range of applications such as security, military, and environmental monitoring. One of the most interesting applications in wireless sensor networks is target tracking, which mainly consists in detecting and monitoring the motion of mobile targets. In this paper, we present a comprehensive survey of target tracking approaches. We then analyze them according to several metrics. We also discuss some of the challenges that influence the performance of tracking schemes. In the end, we conduct detailed analysis and comparison between these algorithms and we conclude with some future directions.