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Journal of Sensors
Volume 2016, Article ID 5302681, 13 pages
Research Article

Use of a Secondary Current Sensor in Plasma during Electron-Beam Welding with Focus Scanning for Process Control

1Perm National Research Polytechnic University, 29 Komsomolsky Av., Perm 614990, Russia
2Institute of Electronics, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, 72 Tzarigradsko Shose, 1784 Sofia, Bulgaria

Received 14 August 2016; Accepted 12 October 2016

Academic Editor: Stephane Evoy

Copyright © 2016 Dmitriy Trushnikov et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


We consider questions of building a closed-loop focus control system for electron-beam welding. As a feedback signal, we use the secondary current in the plasma that forms above the welding zone. This article presents a model of a secondary current sensor in plasma during electron-beam welding with focus scanning. A comparison of modeled results with experimental data confirms the adequacy of the model. We show that the best results for focus control are obtained when using phase relationships rather than amplitude relationships. We outline the principles for building an EBW focus control system based on parameters of the secondary current in plasma. We simulate the work of a control system’s circuits and demonstrate the stability of the synthesized system. We have conducted pilot tests on an experimental prototype.