Table 1: Network parameters and values.

Parameter Value

Network coverage (0,0)(400, 400) m
Base station location (200, 500)  m
Node number 1500
Initial energy 0.5 J
Data packet size 4000 bits
Speed distribution 0, 20 m
50 nJ/bit
10 pJ/(bit⋅m2)
0.0013 pJ/(bit⋅m2)
5 nJ/bit