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Journal of Sensors
Volume 2016, Article ID 7165326, 7 pages
Research Article

Improved Vegetation Profiles with GOCI Imagery Using Optimized BRDF Composite

1Electronics and Telecommunications Research Institute (ETRI), 218 Gajeongno, Yuseong-gu, Daejeon 305-700, Republic of Korea
2Department of Geoinformatic Engineering, Pukyong National University, Daeyeon-3 Nam-Gu, Busan 608-737, Republic of Korea
3Korea Aerospace Research Institute (KARI), 169-84 Gwahak-ro, Yuseong-gu, Daejeon 305-806, Republic of Korea

Received 27 November 2015; Revised 30 December 2015; Accepted 31 January 2016

Academic Editor: Chiman Kwan

Copyright © 2016 Sang-il Kim et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The purpose of this study was to optimize a composite method for the Geostationary Ocean Color Imager (GOCI), which is the first geostationary ocean color sensor in the world. Before interpreting the sensitivity of each composite with ground measurements, we evaluated the accuracy of bidirectional reflectance distribution function (BRDF) performance by comparing modeled surface reflectance from BRDF simulation with GOCI-measured surface reflectance according to composite period. The root mean square error values for modeled and measured surface reflectance showed reasonable accuracy for all of composite days since each BRDF composite period includes at least seven cloud-free angular sampling for all BRDF performances. Also, GOCI-BRDF-adjusted NDVIs with four different composite periods were compared with field-observation NDVI and we interpreted the sensitivity of temporal crop dynamics of GOCI-BRDF-adjusted NDVIs. The results showed that vegetation index seasonal profiles appeared similar to vegetation growth curves in both field observations from crop scans and GOCI normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI) data. Finally, we showed that a 12-day composite period was optimal in terms of BRDF simulation accuracy, surface coverage, and real-time sensitivity.