Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Journal of Sensors
Volume 2016, Article ID 8129387, 11 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/8129387
Research Article

Novel Highly Sensitive Protein Sensors Based on Tapered Optical Fibres Modified with Au-Based Nanocoatings

1Nanostructured Optical Devices Laboratory, Electric and Electronic Engineering Department, Public University of Navarra, Campus Arrosadia, 31006 Pamplona, Spain
2Advanced Optics Group, Faculty of Engineering, University of Nottingham, University Park, Nottingham NG7 2RD, UK
3Department of Engineering Photonics, School of Engineering, Cranfield University, Cranfield, Bedfordshire MK43 0AL, UK

Received 6 May 2016; Accepted 19 July 2016

Academic Editor: Rodolfo M. Manuel

Copyright © 2016 Aitor Urrutia et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. F. Bănică, Chemical Sensors and Biosensors: Fundamentals and Applications, John Wiley & Sons, Chichester, UK, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  2. B. Culshaw and A. Kersey, “Fiber-optic sensing: a historical perspective,” Journal of Lightwave Technology, vol. 26, no. 9, pp. 1064–1078, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. J. R. Casas and P. J. S. Cruz, “Fiber optic sensors for bridge monitoring,” Journal of Bridge Engineering, vol. 8, no. 6, pp. 362–373, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. B. Lee, “Review of the present status of optical fiber sensors,” Optical Fiber Technology, vol. 9, no. 2, pp. 57–79, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. L. Marques, F. U. Hernandez, S. Korposh et al., “Sensitive protein detection using an optical fibre long period grating sensor anchored with silica core gold shell nanoparticles,” in 23rd International Conference on Optical Fibre Sensors, vol. 9157 of Proceedings of SPIE, The International Society for Optical Engineering, June 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. P. Pilla, A. Sandomenico, V. Malachovská et al., “A protein-based biointerfacing route toward label-free immunoassays with long period gratings in transition mode,” Biosensors and Bioelectronics, vol. 31, no. 1, pp. 486–491, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. S. Lepinay, A. Staff, A. Ianoul, and J. Albert, “Improved detection limits of protein optical fiber biosensors coated with gold nanoparticles,” Biosensors and Bioelectronics, vol. 52, pp. 337–344, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. M. P. DeLisa, Z. Zhang, M. Shiloach et al., “Evanescent wave long-period fiber bragg grating as an immobilized antibody biosensor,” Analytical Chemistry, vol. 72, no. 13, pp. 2895–2900, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. D. J. J. Hu, J. L. Lim, M. K. Park et al., “Photonic crystal fiber-based interferometric biosensor for streptavidin and biotin detection,” IEEE Journal on Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics, vol. 18, no. 4, pp. 1293–1297, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. S. L. Zhu, J. B. Zhang, L. Y. L. Yue, D. Hartono, and A. Q. Liu, “Label-free protein detection via gold nanoparticles and localized surface plasmon resonance,” Advanced Materials Research, vol. 74, pp. 95–98, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. H. T. Beier, G. L. Coté, and K. E. Meissner, “Whispering-gallery-mode-based biosensing using quantum dot-embedded microspheres,” in Colloidal Quantum Dots for Biomedical Applications V, vol. 7575 of Proceedings of SPIE, February 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  12. L. K. Chin, C. S. Lim, and A. Q. Liu, “On-chip multiphase tunable grating interferometer for chemical and protein analysis,” in Proceedings of the IEEE PhotonicsGlobal at Singapore (IPGC '08), pp. 1–3, Singapore, December 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. S. O. Korposh, Y. P. Sharkan, M. Y. Sichka, D.-H. Yang, S.-W. Lee, and J. J. Ramsden, “Matrix influence on the optical response of composite bacteriorhodopsin films to ammonia,” Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical, vol. 133, no. 1, pp. 281–290, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. K. T. V. Grattan and B. T. Meggitt, Optical Fiber Sensor Technology, Vol. 4: Chemical and Environment Sensing, Kluwer Academic, Dordrecht, Netherlands, 1999.
  15. O. S. Wolfbeis, “Fiber-optic chemical sensors and biosensors,” Analytical Chemistry, vol. 76, no. 12, pp. 3269–3284, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. R. Bogdanowicz, M. Sobaszek, J. Ryl et al., “Improved surface coverage of an optical fibre with nanocrystalline diamond by the application of dip-coating seeding,” Diamond and Related Materials, vol. 55, pp. 52–63, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  17. J. Goicoechea, C. R. Zamarreño, I. R. Matías, and F. J. Arregui, “Optical fiber pH sensors based on layer-by-layer electrostatic self-assembled Neutral Red,” Sensors and Actuators, B: Chemical, vol. 132, no. 1, pp. 305–311, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. M. Partridge, R. Wong, S. W. James, F. Davis, S. P. J. Higson, and R. P. Tatam, “Long period grating based toluene sensor for use with water contamination,” Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical, vol. 203, pp. 621–625, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. N. Cennamo, D. Massarotti, L. Conte, and L. Zeni, “Low cost sensors based on SPR in a plastic optical fiber forbiosensor implementation,” Sensors, vol. 11, no. 12, pp. 11752–11760, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. A. Leung, P. M. Shankar, and R. Mutharasan, “A review of fiber-optic biosensors,” Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical, vol. 125, no. 2, pp. 688–703, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. D. J. Monk and D. R. Walt, “Optical fiber-based biosensors,” Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry, vol. 379, no. 7-8, pp. 931–945, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. B. D. Gupta and R. K. Verma, “Surface plasmon resonance-based fiber optic sensors: principle, probe designs, and some applications,” Journal of Sensors, vol. 2009, Article ID 979761, 12 pages, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. Z. Chen, Z. Dai, N. Chen et al., “Gold nanoparticles-modified tapered fiber nanoprobe for remote SERS detection,” IEEE Photonics Technology Letters, vol. 26, no. 8, pp. 777–780, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. Q. Zhang, C. Xue, Y. Yuan, J. Lee, D. Sun, and J. Xiong, “Fiber surface modification technology for Fiber-Optic localized surface plasmon resonance biosensors,” Sensors, vol. 12, no. 3, pp. 2729–2741, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. S. K. Srivastava and B. D. Gupta, “A multitapered fiber-optic SPR sensor with enhanced sensitivity,” IEEE Photonics Technology Letters, vol. 23, no. 13, pp. 923–925, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. J. Villatoro, D. Monzón-Hernández, and E. Mejía, “Fabrication and modeling of uniform-waist single-mode tapered optical fiber sensors,” Applied Optics, vol. 42, no. 13, pp. 2278–2283, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. Ó. Esteban, A. González-Cano, N. Díaz-Herrera, and M.-C. Navarrete, “Absorption as a selective mechanism in surface plasmon resonance fiber optic sensors,” Optics Letters, vol. 31, no. 21, pp. 3089–3091, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. Rajan, S. Chand, and B. D. Gupta, “Surface plasmon resonance based fiber-optic sensor for the detection of pesticide,” Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical, vol. 123, no. 2, pp. 661–666, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. L. Tang, Y. Ren, B. Hong, and K. A. Kang, “Fluorophore-mediated, fiber-optic, multi-analyte, immunosensing system for rapid diagnosis and prognosis of cardiovascular diseases,” Journal of Biomedical Optics, vol. 11, no. 2, Article ID 021011, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. G. Decher, “Fuzzy nanoassemblies: toward layered polymeric multicomposites,” Science, vol. 277, no. 5330, pp. 1232–1237, 1997. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. K. Ariga, J. P. Hill, and Q. Ji, “Layer-by-layer assembly as a versatile bottom-up nanofabrication technique for exploratory research and realistic application,” Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, vol. 9, no. 19, pp. 2319–2340, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. N. M. Green, “Avidin,” Advances in Protein Chemistry, vol. 29, pp. 85–133, 1975. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. K. Misiakos, S. E. Kakabakos, P. S. Petrou, and H. H. Ruf, “A monolithic silicon optoelectronic transducer as a real-time affinity biosensor,” Analytical Chemistry, vol. 76, no. 5, pp. 1366–1373, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  34. W. Stöber, A. Fink, and E. Bohn, “Controlled growth of monodisperse silica spheres in the micron size range,” Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, vol. 26, no. 1, pp. 62–69, 1968. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  35. C. Bonnard, D. S. Papermaster, and J. P. Kraehenbuhl, “The streptavidin-biotin bridge technique: application in light and electron microscope immunocytochemistry,” Immunolabelling for Electron Microscopy, pp. 95–111, 1984. View at Google Scholar
  36. P. Sigmund, “Elements of sputtering theory,” in Nanofabrication by Ion-Beam Sputtering: Fundamentals and Applications, pp. 1–40, CRC Press, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  37. D. Gaspar, A. C. Pimentel, T. Mateus et al., “Influence of the layer thickness in plasmonic gold nanoparticles produced by thermal evaporation,” Scientific Reports, vol. 3, article 1469, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  38. S. Ju, S. Jeong, Y. Kim et al., “Experimental demonstration of surface plasmon resonance enhancement of the tapered optical fiber coated with Au/Ti thin film,” Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, vol. 383, pp. 146–152, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  39. R. Jarzebinska, S. Korposh, S. James, W. Batty, R. Tatam, and S.-W. Lee, “Optical gas sensor fabrication based on porphyrin-anchored electrostatic self-assembly onto tapered optical fibers,” Analytical Letters, vol. 45, no. 10, pp. 1297–1309, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  40. L. Marques, F. U. Hernandez, S. W. James et al., “Highly sensitive optical fibre long period grating biosensor anchored with silica core gold shell nanoparticles,” Biosensors and Bioelectronics, vol. 75, pp. 222–231, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  41. M. Fujihira, Y. Tani, M. Furugori, U. Akiba, and Y. Okabe, “Chemical force microscopy of self-assembled monolayers on sputtered gold films patterned by phase separation,” Ultramicroscopy, vol. 86, no. 1-2, pp. 63–73, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  42. V. Ruddy, B. D. MacCraith, and J. A. Murphy, “Evanescent wave absorption spectroscopy using multimode fibers,” Journal of Applied Physics, vol. 67, no. 10, pp. 6070–6074, 1990. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  43. P. C. Weber, D. H. Ohlendorf, J. J. Wendoloski, and F. R. Salemme, “Structural origins of high-affinity biotin binding to streptavidin,” Science, vol. 243, no. 4887, pp. 85–88, 1989. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  44. A. Messica, A. Greenstein, and A. Katzir, “Theory of fiber-optic, evanescent-wave spectroscopy and sensors,” Applied Optics, vol. 35, no. 13, pp. 2274–2284, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  45. Y. Xu, A. Cottenden, and N. B. Jones, “A theoretical evaluation of fibre-optic evanescent wave absorption in spectroscopy and sensors,” Optics and Lasers in Engineering, vol. 44, no. 2, pp. 93–101, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  46. D. G. Kinniburgh, “General purpose adsorption isotherms,” Environmental Science and Technology, vol. 20, no. 9, pp. 895–904, 1986. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  47. S. Maguis, G. Laffont, P. Ferdinand et al., “Biofunctionalized tilted Fiber Bragg Gratings for label-free immunosensing,” Optics Express, vol. 16, no. 23, pp. 19049–19062, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  48. J. Vial and A. Jardy, “Experimental comparison of the different approaches to estimate LOD and LOQ of an HPLC method,” Analytical Chemistry, vol. 71, no. 14, pp. 2672–2677, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  49. Z. Wang, J. R. Heflin, K. Van Cott, R. H. Stolen, S. Ramachandran, and S. Ghalmi, “Biosensors employing ionic self-assembled multilayers adsorbed on long-period fiber gratings,” Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical, vol. 139, no. 2, pp. 618–623, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  50. H. Tazawa, T. Kanie, and M. Katayama, “Fiber-optic coupler based refractive index sensor and its application to biosensing,” Applied Physics Letters, vol. 91, no. 11, Article ID 113901, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  51. S. V. Kergaravat, G. A. Gómez, S. N. Fabiano, T. I. Laube Chávez, M. I. Pividori, and S. R. Hernández, “Biotin determination in food supplements by an electrochemical magneto biosensor,” Talanta, vol. 97, pp. 484–490, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  52. C. Wu and Q.-H. Xu, “Stable and functionable mesoporous silica-coated gold nanorods as sensitive localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR) nanosensors,” Langmuir, vol. 25, no. 16, pp. 9441–9446, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  53. I. Pastoriza-Santos, J. Pérez-Juste, and L. M. Liz-Marzán, “Silica-coating and hydrophobation of CTAB-stabilized gold nanorods,” Chemistry of Materials, vol. 18, no. 10, pp. 2465–2467, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus