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Journal of Sensors
Volume 2016, Article ID 8313986, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/8313986
Research Article

A Centralized Energy Efficient Distance Based Routing Protocol for Wireless Sensor Networks

Department of Electronics and Telecommunication Engineering, Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar Technological University, Lonere, Raigad, Maharashtra 402103, India

Received 8 December 2015; Accepted 9 March 2016

Academic Editor: Yasuko Y. Maruo

Copyright © 2016 Rohit D. Gawade and S. L. Nalbalwar. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Wireless sensor network (WSN) typically consists of a large number of low cost wireless sensor nodes which collect and send various messages to a base station (BS). WSN nodes are small battery powered devices having limited energy resources. Replacement of such energy resources is not easy for thousands of nodes as they are inaccessible to users after their deployment. This generates a requirement of energy efficient routing protocol for increasing network lifetime while minimizing energy consumption. Low Energy Adaptive Clustering Hierarchy (LEACH) is a widely used classic clustering algorithm in WSNs. In this paper, we propose a Centralized Energy Efficient Distance (CEED) based routing protocol to evenly distribute energy dissipation among all sensor nodes. We calculate optimum number of cluster heads based on LEACH’s energy dissipation model. We propose a distributed cluster head selection algorithm based on dissipated energy of a node and its distance to BS. Moreover, we extend our protocol by multihop routing scheme to reduce energy dissipated by nodes located far away from base station. The performance of CEED is compared with other protocols such as LEACH and LEACH with Distance Based Thresholds (LEACH-DT). Simulation results show that CEED is more energy efficient as compared to other protocols. Also it improves the network lifetime and stability period over the other protocols.