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Journal of Sensors
Volume 2017, Article ID 8765450, 12 pages
Research Article

Global Measurement Method for Large-Scale Components Based on a Multiple Field of View Combination

Key Laboratory for Precision and Non-Traditional Machining Technology of the Ministry of Education, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116024, China

Correspondence should be addressed to Wei Liu; nc.ude.tuld@7002wl

Received 1 March 2017; Revised 7 July 2017; Accepted 24 July 2017; Published 17 September 2017

Academic Editor: Vera Tyrsa

Copyright © 2017 Yang Zhang et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Considering the limited measurement range of a machine vision method for the three-dimensional (3D) surface measurement of large-scale components, a noncontact and flexible global measurement method combining a multiple field of view (FOV) is proposed in this paper. The measurement system consists of two theodolites and a binocular vision system with a transfer mark. The process of multiple FOV combinations is described, and a new global calibration method is proposed to solve the coordinate system unification issue of different instruments in the measurement system. In addition, a high-precision image acquisition method, which is based on laser stripe scanning and centre line extraction, is discussed to guarantee the measurement efficiency. With the measured 3D data, surface reconstruction of large-scale components is accomplished by data integration. Experiments are also conducted to verify the precision and effectiveness of the global measurement method.