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Journal of Solar Energy
Volume 2015, Article ID 149852, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/149852
Research Article

A Novel Solar Tracker Based on Omnidirectional Computer Vision

Physics Department, Faculty of Sciences, Mohammed V University, 10000 Rabat, Morocco

Received 29 September 2014; Accepted 11 January 2015

Academic Editor: Mohamed Sabry A. Abdel-Mottaleb

Copyright © 2015 Zakaria El Kadmiri et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

This paper presents a novel solar tracker system based on omnidirectional vision technology. The analysis of acquired images with a catadioptric camera allows extracting accurate information about the sun position toward both elevation and azimuth. The main advantages of this system are its wide field of tracking of 360° horizontally and 200° vertically. The system has the ability to track the sun in real time independently of the spatiotemporal coordinates of the site. The extracted information is used to control the two DC motors of the dual-axis mechanism to achieve the optimal orientation of the photovoltaic panels with the aim of increasing the power generation. Several experimental studies have been conducted and the obtained results confirm the power generation efficiency of the proposed solar tracker.