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Journal of Solar Energy
Volume 2016, Article ID 7870907, 9 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/7870907
Research Article

Correlation of Global Solar Radiation of Eight Synoptic Stations in Burkina Faso Based on Linear and Multiple Linear Regression Methods

1Laboratoire de Physique et Chimie de l’Environnement (LPCE), Unité de Formation et de Recherche en Sciences Exactes et Appliquée, Université de Ouagadougou, 03 BP 7021, Ouagadougou 03, Burkina Faso
2Unité de Formation et de Recherche en Sciences Exactes et Appliquée, Université de Ouagadougou, 03 BP 7021, Ouagadougou 03, Burkina Faso

Received 7 August 2015; Revised 11 December 2015; Accepted 31 January 2016

Academic Editor: Yoji Saito

Copyright © 2016 Ousmane Coulibaly and Abdoulaye Ouedraogo. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

We utilize the multiple linear regression method to analyse meteorological data for eight cities in Burkina Faso. A correlation between the monthly mean daily global solar radiation on a horizontal surface and five meteorological and geographical parameters, which are the mean daily extraterrestrial solar radiation intensity, the average daily ratio of sunshine duration, the mean daily relative humidity, the mean daily maximum air temperature, and the sine of the solar declination angle, was examined. A second correlation is established for the entire country, using, this time, the monthly mean global solar radiation on a horizontal surface and the following climatic variables: the average daily ratio of sunshine duration, the latitude, and the longitude. The results show that the coefficients of correlation vary between 0.96 and 0.99 depending on the station while the relative errors spread between −3.16% (Pô) and 3.65% (Dédougou). The maximum value of the RMSD which is 312.36 kJ/m2 is obtained at Dori, which receives the strongest radiation. For the entire cities, the values of the MBD are found to be in the acceptable margin.