Table 1: Demographic data, included patients, surgical approach, and physiotherapy protocol.

First authorPatients/casesAcute/chronic/
partial/revisions
Included patientsMean age (y) (range)Mean follow-up m (range)Surgical approachCommentsPostoperative physiotherapy protocol

() Bain, 2000 [10]1210/21039 (25–50)16 (8–29)SACast for 1 week, motion as tolerated, no heavy lifting for 3 months
() Greenberg, 2003 [11]1411/31145 (NR)20 (13–28)SABulky dressings, after 3-4 days’ full ROM, no extension > 30°, full use in 3 months
() Spencer Jr., 2008 [20]15151546 (31–64)23 (12–36)SAGroup 1 (6 pt)
Group 2 (9 pt)
Both groups cast for 2 weeks (Group 1, hinged brace for another 4 weeks), extension limited to 40°, full extension in 6 weeks
() Peeters, 2009 [21]2317/2/41750 (39–58)16.8 (6–48)SAImmediate full ROM
() Dillon, 2010 [26]2717/9/11750.1 (41–62)30.9 (15–50)SACast for 2 weeks and then active ROM, in 4 weeks’ ADL, no lifting > 5 lbs
() Gupta, 2012 [27]8/99827.4 (21–42)41.5 (24–60)SARemovable splint for 2 weeks with active ROM, ADL, and no heavy lifting for 6 weeks
() Banerjee, 2013 [23]27272747.9 (34–63)36.1 (NR)SAGroup 1 (19 pt)
Group 2 (9 pt)
Cast for 6 weeks, passive ROM started after 3rd week

Total126/127106/16/4/110543.626.3

More than 6 weeks after injury; partial repairs; revision repairs; SA: single anterior approach; NR: not reported; ROM: range of motion; ADL: activities of daily living; Group 1: supervised physiotherapy; Group 2: no therapy; Group 1: without complications; Group 2: with complications; studies in Group B are highlighted with bold.