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Volume 16 (2002), Issue 3-4, Pages 351-360

FTIR and UV‒vis study of chemically engineered biomaterial surfaces for protein immobilization

Herman Mansur,1,4 Rodrigo Oréfice,1 Marivalda Pereira,1 Zélia Lobato,2 Wander Vasconcelos,1 and Lucas Machado3

1Department of Metallurgy and Materials Engineering, Federal University of Minas Gerais, Brazil
2Department of Veterinary Medicine, Federal University of Minas Gerais, Brazil
3Department of Internal Medicine, School of Medicine, Federal University of Minas Gerais, Brazil
4Rua Espírito Santo, 35/2 andar, 30160.030, Centro, Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil

Copyright © 2002 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The biomaterials research field has broadened in the last 3 decades, including replacement of diseased or damaged parts, assist in healing, correct and improve functional abnormality, drug delivery systems, immunological kits and biosensors. Proteins play crucial role in almost every biological system. They are involved in enzymatic catalysis, transport and storage, coordinated motion, mechanical support, immune protection, control of growth and cell differentiation among many others. The immobilization of proteins onto surface functionalized substrates has been one of the most promising areas in bioengineering field. It is important to note that the term immobilization can refer either to a temporary or to a permanent localization of the biomolecule on or within a support. Proteins have very particular chain configurations and conformations that promote high levels of specificity during chemical interactions. In the present work, we aimed to study the phenomenon of protein immobilization onto biomaterial with chemically engineered surface. We have tailored the surface of the porous gels of SiO2 with 5 different silane surface modifying agents: tetraethoxysilane (TEOS), 3‒mercaptopropyltrimethoxysilane (MPTMS) and 3‒aminopropyltriethoxysilane (APTES), 3‒glycidoxypropyltrimethoxysilane (GPTMS) and 3‒isocyanatopropyltriethoxysilane (ICPES). Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR) was used to characterize the presence of all specific chemical groups in the materials. The surface functionalized gels were then immersed in porcine insulin (PI) solutions for protein immobilization. The incorporation of protein within the gels was also monitored by FTIR spectroscopy. The kinetics of protein adsorption and desorption from the gel matrix in vitro tests were monitored by UV‒visible spectroscopy. We could not observe any evidence of denaturation of insulin after its desorption from gel matrices using UV‒visible spectroscopy technique. In vivo tests with adult male rats were used to verify the immobilized insulin bioactivity after implantation of different biomaterial with functionalized surfaces. Plasma glucose levels were obtained by using the Glucose GOD‒ANA Colorimetric Assay. All surface modified materials have presented acute hypoglycemic peak response associated with the insulin bioactivity.