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Spectroscopy
Volume 17, Issue 2-3, Pages 627-633
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2003/826545

FTIR Spectroscopic Investigation of Mineral Structure of Streptozotocin Induced Diabetic Rat Femur and Tibia

Handan Boyar,1 Belma Turan,2 and Feride Severcan1

1Department of Biology, Middle East Technical University, 06531 Ankara, Turkey
2Department of Biophysics, Ankara University Medicine Faculty, 06100 Ankara, Turkey

Copyright © 2003 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Diabetes mellitus (DM) can be accepted as a heterogenous multi organ disorder that can affect various systems of the human body. Disorders include retinopathy, neuropathy, cardiomyopathy, musculoskeletal abnormalities such as diminished bone formation and bone healing retardation. Low bone mineral density is often mentioned as a complication for patients with insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (type I DM). Streptozotocin (STZ) induced diabetic rats are good models for investigation of the complications of insulin dependent diabetes. In the present study, the effects of STZ induced diabetes on the mineral environment of rat bones namely femur and tibia were studied by Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopic technique. The results revealed that mineral crystal sizes increased and carbonate content decreased for diabetic femur and tibia. These changes can be due to the formation of osteoporosis which is widely seen in diabetic patients.