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Spectroscopy
Volume 23, Issue 3-4, Pages 227-232
http://dx.doi.org/10.3233/SPE-2009-0380

Raman spectroscopic study of bioactive silica-based glasses: The role of the alkali/alkali earth ratio on the Non-Bridging Oxygen/Bridging Oxygen (NBO/BO) ratio

Lucia Marsich,1 Loredana Moimas,2 Valter Sergo,1,3,4 and Chiara Schmid1,3

1DMRN University of Trieste, Trieste, Italy
2Inion Ltd., Tampere, Finland
3Center of Excellence for Nanostructured Materials, University of Trieste, Trieste, Italy
4CENMAT – Center of Excellence for Nanostructured Materials, University of Trieste, Via Valerio 6A, I-34127 Trieste, Italy

Copyright © 2009 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Raman spectra of bioactive glasses of the Na2O–K2O–MgO–CaO–B2O3–P2O5–SiO2 to be used in bone reconstruction systems have been collected from samples with three different concentrations of alkali and alkali earth elements. Compositions were chosen with a constant total amount of modifiers and formers, with only minor changes among the formers. The ratio of Non-Bridging Oxygens to Bridging Oxygens (NBO/BO) has been obtained from the Raman spectra and reported as a function of the alkali/alkali earth ratio, showing a linear increase. Dissolution tests indicate also a linear dependence of the amount of Na+, K+ and Ca++ ions leached in water on the alkali/alkali earth ratio. Consequently a calibration plot correlating the NBO/BO ratio with the amount of Na+, K+ and Ca++ ions leached in water has been obtained, thus demonstrating the sensitivity of the method, given that the changes from one glass composition to the other are of the order of some points in percentage among the glass modifiers.