Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Journal of Spectroscopy
Volume 2013, Article ID 148903, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/148903
Research Article

Terahertz Time Domain, Raman and Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy of Acrylamide, and the Application of Density Functional Theory

1School of Optical-Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Shanghai for Science & Technology, Shanghai 200093, China
2King Saud University, P.O. Box 800, Riyadh 11421, Saudi Arabia
3Institute of Thermo Physics, School of Power Engineering, Chongqing University, Chongqing 400044, China
4Department of Computer and Software Engineering, Bahria University, Islamabad 44000, Pakistan

Received 29 August 2013; Revised 14 October 2013; Accepted 15 October 2013

Academic Editor: D. Sajan

Copyright © 2013 Ramzan Ullah et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. Y.-S. Lee, Principles of Terahertz Science and Technology, Springer Science+Business Media, 2009.
  2. D. Grischkowsky, S. Keiding, M. van Exter, and Ch. Fattinger, “Far-infrared time-domain spectroscopy with terahertz beams of dielectrics and semiconductors,” Journal of the Optical Society of America B, vol. 7, no. 10, pp. 2006–2015, 1990. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  3. R. Piesiewicz, C. Jansen, S. Wietzke, D. Mittleman, M. Koch, and T. Kürner, “Properties of building and plastic materials in the THz range,” International Journal of Infrared and Millimeter Waves, vol. 28, no. 5, pp. 363–371, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  4. A. Katsounaros, M. Mann, M. Naftaly, K. Z. Rajab, Y. Hao, and W. I. Milne, “Terahertz time-domain spectroscopy characterization of vertically aligned carbon nanotube films,” Carbon, vol. 50, no. 3, pp. 939–942, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. B. Yu, F. Zeng, Y. Yang et al., “Torsional vibrational modes of tryptophan studied by terahertz time-domain spectroscopy,” Biophysical Journal, vol. 86, no. 3, pp. 1649–1654, 2004. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. J. S. Melinger, S. S. Harsha, N. Laman, and D. Grischkowsky, “Temperature dependent characterization of terahertz vibrations of explosives and related threat materials,” Optics Express, vol. 18, no. 26, pp. 27238–27250, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. M. C. Kemp, P. F. Taday, B. E. Cole, J. A. Cluff, A. J. Fitzgerald, and W. R. Tribe, “Security applications of terahertz technology,” in Terahertz for Military and Security Applications, vol. 5070 of Proceedings of SPIE, pp. 44–52, April 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. J. F. Federici, B. Schulkin, F. Huang et al., “THz imaging and sensing for security applications—explosives, weapons and drugs,” Semiconductor Science and Technology, vol. 20, no. 7, pp. S266–S280, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. W. H. Fan, A. Burnett, P. C. Upadhya, J. Cunningham, E. H. Linfield, and A. G. Davies, “Far-infrared spectroscopic characterization of explosives for security applications using broadband terahertz time-domain spectroscopy,” Applied Spectroscopy, vol. 61, no. 6, pp. 638–643, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. J. Chen, Y. Chen, H. Zhao, G. J. Bastiaans, and X.-C. Zhang, “Absorption coefficients of selected explosives and related compounds in the range of 0.1-2.8 THz,” Optics Express, vol. 15, no. 19, pp. 12060–12067, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. A. Rahman, “Dendrimer based terahertz time-domain spectroscopy and applications in molecular characterization,” Journal of Molecular Structure, vol. 1006, no. 1–3, pp. 59–65, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. R. Piesiewicz, T. Kleine-Ostmann, N. Krumbholz et al., “Short-range ultra-broadband terahertz communications: concepts and perspectives,” IEEE Antennas and Propagation Magazine, vol. 49, no. 6, pp. 24–39, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. http://www.who.int/foodsafety/publications/chem/acrylamide_faqs/en/index.html.
  14. K. M. Wilson, L. A. Mucci, B. A. Rosner, and W. C. Willett, “A prospective study on dietary acrylamide intake and the risk for breast, endometrial, and ovarian cancers,” Cancer Epidemiology Biomarkers and Prevention, vol. 19, no. 10, pp. 2503–2515, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. http://www.toptica.com/products/ultrafast_fiber_lasers/femtofiber_pro/femtofiber_pro_nir.html.
  16. http://www.ekspla.com/product/t-spec-series-real-time-terahertz-spectrometer.
  17. http://www.perkinelmer.com/CMSResources/Images/44-74804SPC_RamanStation400RRamanStation400F.pdf.
  18. http://www.perkinelmer.com.cn/CMSResources/Images/46-74472BRO_Spectrum100FTIR.pdf.
  19. http://www.research.usf.edu/rf/docs/perkin-elmer-spectrum-100-ftir-users-guide.pdf.
  20. http://www.reagent.com.cn:666/ScrcBackGroup/reagent/newindex.jsp.
  21. P. D. Cunningham, N. N. Valdes, F. A. Vallejo et al., “Broadband terahertz characterization of the refractive index and absorption of some important polymeric and organic electro-optic materials,” Journal of Applied Physics, vol. 109, no. 4, Article ID 043505, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. M. J. Frisch, G. W. Trucks, H. B. Schlegel et al., Gaussian 09, Revision A. 01, Gaussian, Wallingford, Conn, USA, 2009.
  23. V. Rassolov, J. A. Pople, M. Ratner, P. C. Redfern, and L. A. Curtiss, “6-31G* basis set for third-row atoms,” Journal of Computational Chemistry, vol. 22, no. 9, pp. 976–984, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  24. T. Clark, J. Chandrasekhar, G. W. Spitznagel, and P. v. R. Schleyer, “Efficient diffuse function-augmented basis sets for anion calculations. III. The 3-21+G basis set for first-row elements, Li–F,” Journal of Computational Chemistry, vol. 4, no. 3, pp. 294–301, 1983. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  25. M. Arivazhagan and R. Meenakshi, “Vibrational spectroscopic studies and DFT calculations of 4-bromo-o-xylene,” Spectrochimica Acta Part A, vol. 91, pp. 419–430, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  26. M. P. Andersson and P. Uvdal, “New scale factors for harmonic vibrational frequencies using the B3LYP density functional method with the triple-zeta basis set 6-311+G(d,p),” Journal of Physical Chemistry A, vol. 109, no. 12, pp. 2937–2941, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. T. Sundius, “Molvib—a flexible program for force field calculations,” Journal of Molecular Structure, vol. 218, pp. 321–326, 1990. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. T. Sundius, “Scaling of ab initio force fields by MOLVIB,” Vibrational Spectroscopy, vol. 29, no. 1-2, pp. 89–95, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus