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Journal of Spectroscopy
Volume 2015, Article ID 640271, 5 pages
Research Article

Determination of Metal Contents of Various Fibers Used in Textile Industry by MP-AES

Department of Chemistry, Science and Letters Faculty, Mustafa Kemal University, 31024 Hatay, Turkey

Received 28 July 2015; Revised 14 September 2015; Accepted 14 September 2015

Academic Editor: Maria Carmen Yebra-Biurrun

Copyright © 2015 Şana Sungur and Fatih Gülmez. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The concentrations of metals (Al, Cd, Co, Cr, Cu, Fe, Mn, Ni, Pb, Tl, and Zn) in various textile fibers (cotton, acrylic, polyester, nylon, viscose, and polypropylene) of different colors (red, white, green, blue, yellow, orange, black, brown, purple, pink, navy, burgundy, beige, and grey) were determined by microwave plasma-atomic emission spectroscopy (MP-AES). Textile fibers were collected from the various textile plants in Gaziantep-Kahramanmaraş, Turkey. Heavy metals concentrations in all examined textile fibers after wet digestion were found to be high, whereas in the artificial sweat extract they were low. The only lead concentrations in textile fibers analyzed after extraction in the artificial sweat solution were found higher than limit values given by Oeko-Tex.