Journal of Spectroscopy / 2015 / Article / Tab 5

Research Article

Determination of Metal Contents of Various Fibers Used in Textile Industry by MP-AES

Table 5

Literature values of heavy metals (as mg kg−1) in textile fibers.

LiteratureMetalsCottonPolyesterNylonViscose

Saracoglu et al., 2003 [5]Fe0.44–4.490.23–28.903.42–29.901.99–4.41
Cu0.26–0.78nd–0.36nd–0.480.26–11.20
Ni0.20–0.700.29–3.630.76–3.630.30–1.68
Pb0.28–0.30nd–0.760.31–3.760.40–0.80
Zn0.40–5.000.90–4.70nd–0.902.40–3.00

Doğan et al., 2002 [11] Cu0.28–0.840.04–0.340.04–0.320.12–13.58
Ni0.24–1.520.20–0.240.24–0.260.16–0.98
Pb0.18–6.000.05–1.081.08–2.500.34–0.90
Cr0.44–1.12nd–0.42nd0.22–0.90
Zn0.42–2.160.92–4.040.14–0.921.48–3.46
Co0.04–0.960.08–0.160.12–0.160.01–0.06

Tuzen et al., 2008 [4] Fe3.55–34.3
Cu0.76–341
Ni1.20–4.69
Zn0.63–4.84
Mn1.02–2.50

Rezić and Steffan, 2007 [6] Cu0.05–0.210.050.05–0.06
Ni0.05–0.100.080.09–0.10
Mn0.03–0.051.17–2.170.31–0.36
Al0.11–0.170.27–0.290.21–0.29

Present studyCu1.96–4.401.93–2.161.92–2.362.03–2.26
Pb1.23–1.830.75–1.520.65–0.950.55–0.76
Crnd–0.11ndndnd
Mn0.49–2.300.26–1.070.26–1.040.23–0.86
Al2.27–7.431.07–3.850.99–3.372.06–9.65

nd: not detected; —: not examined.

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