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Journal of Spectroscopy
Volume 2015, Article ID 847349, 8 pages
Research Article

Determination of Anthracycline Drug Residual in Cleaning Validation Swabs of Stainless-Steel Equipment after Production of Cytostatic Injections Using HPLC Analytical Method

1oncomed manufacturing a.s., Karásek 1229/1b, 62100 Brno, Czech Republic
2Department of Chemical Drugs, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Veterinary and Pharmaceutical Sciences Brno, Palackého 1-3, 61242 Brno, Czech Republic

Received 9 May 2015; Revised 24 June 2015; Accepted 25 June 2015

Academic Editor: Jeongkwon Kim

Copyright © 2015 Zuzana Slivová and Radka Opatřilová. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Standard cleaning procedures of production line equipment were verified after manufacture of cytostatic injections containing Anthracycline derivate substance. Residual content of Anthracycline drug substance on stainless-steel equipment surface was determined using swab sampling with a specific HPLC-DAD analysis. The acceptance limit was decided as 200.0 μg/100 cm2. Recovery from the stainless-steel surface was 90.1%. Linearity of the method was observed in the concentration range of 0.155–194 μg/mL when estimated using Zorbax TMS (5 μm, 0.25 m × 4.6 mm ID) column at 1.3 mL/min flow rate and 254 nm (DAD 190–600 nm). The mobile phase consisted of lauryl hydrogen sulphate solution (3.7 g/L) : methanol : acetonitrile (54 : 16 : 30, v/v/v) with pH adjusted to 2.5 using phosphoric acid (85%). The LOD and LOQ for Anthracycline derivate were found to be 0.047 and 0.155 μg/mL, respectively. The method validation confirmed the method provides acceptable degree of selectivity, linearity, accuracy, and precision for the intended purposes.