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Journal of Spectroscopy
Volume 2017 (2017), Article ID 6929520, 9 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/6929520
Research Article

A Derivative Spectrometric Method for Hydroquinone Determination in the Presence of Kojic Acid, Glycolic Acid, and Ascorbic Acid

Department of Analytical Chemistry, Faculty of Chemistry, University of Bucharest, 4-12 Regina Elisabeta Av., District 3, 030018 Bucharest, Romania

Correspondence should be addressed to Dana Elena Popa; moc.oohay@8791anel_anad

Received 22 September 2016; Accepted 14 December 2016; Published 18 January 2017

Academic Editor: Jose S. Camara

Copyright © 2017 Zenovia Moldovan et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

A new, simple, and sensitive spectrometric method was developed for hydroquinone (HQ) determination in the presence of other depigmenting agents (kojic acid (KA), glycolic acid (GA), and ascorbic acid (AA)), commonly introduced in skin lightening products. The method is based on the oxidation of the depigmenting agents by potassium dichromate in sulfuric acid medium and subsequent measurement of the amplitude of the first-order derivative absorption spectrum at 268 nm. By applying the zero-crossing method, at this wavelength, the oxidation products of KA, AA, and GA do not interfere in the indirect determination of HQ. Beer’s law was obeyed in the range of 0.22–22 μg·mL−1 HQ, with a detection limit of 0.07 μg·mL−1. The developed method was applied with good results for the first time to the rapid determination of HQ in binary, ternary, and quaternary mixtures, thus proving that it could represent an effective tool for various skin lightening products analyses.