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Journal of Spectroscopy
Volume 2017, Article ID 9165247, 11 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/9165247
Research Article

Application of Permutation Entropy in Feature Extraction for Near-Infrared Spectroscopy Noninvasive Blood Glucose Detection

School of Electrical Engineering and Automation, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin 150001, China

Correspondence should be addressed to Chengwei Li; nc.ude.tih@wcl

Received 28 December 2016; Revised 20 March 2017; Accepted 16 April 2017; Published 9 August 2017

Academic Editor: Feride Severcan

Copyright © 2017 Xiaoli Li and Chengwei Li. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Diabetes has been one of the four major diseases threatening human life. Accurate blood glucose detection became an important part in controlling the state of diabetes patients. Excellent linear correlation existed between blood glucose concentration and near-infrared spectral absorption. A new feature extraction method based on permutation entropy is proposed to solve the noise and information redundancy in near-infrared spectral noninvasive blood glucose measurement, which affects the accuracy of the calibration model. With the near-infrared spectral data of glucose solution as the research object, the concepts of approximate entropy, sample entropy, fuzzy entropy, and permutation entropy are introduced. The spectra are then segmented, and the characteristic wave bands with abundant glucose information are selected in terms of permutation entropy, fractal dimension, and mutual information. Finally, the support vector regression and partial least square regression are used to establish the mathematical model between the characteristic spectral data and glucose concentration, and the results are compared with conventional feature extraction methods. Results show that the proposed new method can extract useful information from near-infrared spectra, effectively solve the problem of characteristic wave band extraction, and improve the analytical accuracy of spectral and model stability.