Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Journal of Spectroscopy
Volume 2018, Article ID 4127108, 9 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2018/4127108
Research Article

Preparation of Surface-Enhanced Raman Scattering Substrates Based on Immobilized Silver-Capped Nanoparticles

1Departamento de Sistemas Físicos, Químicos y Naturales, Universidad Pablo de Olavide, Crta. de Utrera Km 1, 41013 Sevilla, Spain
2REQUIMTE/UCIBIO, Departamento de Química, Faculdade de Ciências e Tecnologia, Universidade Nova de Lisboa, 2829-516 Caparica, Portugal
3Centro Andaluz de Nanomedicina y Biotecnología (BIONAND), Calle Severo Ochoa 35, 29590 Málaga, Spain

Correspondence should be addressed to C. Caro; moc.liamg@lasracac

Received 21 January 2018; Accepted 19 February 2018; Published 8 April 2018

Academic Editor: Christoph Krafft

Copyright © 2018 C. Caro et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. X. J. Huang and Y. K. Choi, “Chemical sensors based on nanostructured materials,” Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical, vol. 122, no. 2, pp. 659–671, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. K. Cao, X. Jiang, S. Yan, L. Zhang, and W. Wu, “Phenylboronic acid modified silver nanoparticles for colorimetric dynamic analysis of glucose,” Biosensors and Bioelectronics, vol. 52, pp. 188–195, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. G. De Micheli, “Nanoelectronics: challenges and opportunities,” in Integrated Circuit and System Design: Power and Timing Modeling, Optimization and Simulation, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  4. B. Tian and C. M. Lieber, “Synthetic nanoelectronic probes for biological cells and tissues,” Annual Review of Analytical Chemistry, vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 31–51, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. L. Novotny and B. Hecht, Eds., Principles of Nano-Optics, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. V. M. Shalaev and S. Kawata, Nanophotonics with Surface Plasmons, Elsevier, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, 2007.
  7. D. L. Feldheim and C. A. Foss, Metal Nanoparticles. Synthesis, Characterization and Applications, Marcel Dekker, Inc., New York, NY, USA, 2002.
  8. A. Inberg, P. Livshits, Z. Zalevsky, and Y. Shacham-Diamand, “Electroless deposition of silver thin films on gold nanoparticles catalyst for micro and nanoelectronics applications,” Microelectronic Engineering, vol. 98, pp. 570–573, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. A. W. Castleman Jr. and S. N. Khanna, “Clusters, superatoms, and building blocks of new materials,” Journal of Physical Chemistry C, vol. 113, no. 7, pp. 2664–2675, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. S. K. Ghosh, A. Pal, S. Nath, S. Kundu, S. Panigrahi, and T. Pal, “Dimerization of eosin on nanostructured gold surfaces: size regime dependence of the small metallic particles,” Chemical Physics Letters, vol. 412, no. 1–3, pp. 5–11, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. R. Kubo, “Electronic properties of metallic fine particles. I,” Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, vol. 17, no. 6, pp. 975–986, 1962. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. L. Xie, X. Huang, B. W. Li, C. Zhi, T. Tanaka, and P. Jiang, “Core-satellite Ag@BaTiO3 nanoassemblies for fabrication of polymer nanocomposites with high discharged energy density, high breakdown strength and low dielectric loss,” Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, vol. 15, no. 40, pp. 17560–17569, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. J. D. Jackson, Classical Electrodynamics, vol. 1975, Wiley, New York, NY, USA, 1975.
  14. M. Brack, “The physics of simple metal clusters: self-consistent jellium model and semiclassical approaches,” Reviews of Modern Physics, vol. 65, no. 3, pp. 677–732, 1993. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. V. López-Puente, S. Abalde-Cela, P. C. Angelomé, R. A. Alvarez-Puebla, and L. M. Liz-Marzán, “Plasmonic mesoporous composites as molecular sieves for SERS detection,” The Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters, vol. 4, no. 16, pp. 2715–2720, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. R. P. Devaty and A. J. Sievers, “Possibility of observing quantum size effects in the electromagnetic absorption spectrum of small metal particles,” Physical Review B, vol. 32, no. 4, pp. 1951–1954, 1985. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. P. B. Johnson and R. W. Christy, “Optical constants of the noble metals,” Physics Review B, vol. 6, no. 12, pp. 4370–4379, 1972. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. L. S. Jung, C. T. Campbell, T. M. Chinowsky, M. N. Mar, and S. S. Yee, “Quantitative interpretation of the response of surface plasmon resonance sensors to adsorbed films,” Langmuir, vol. 14, no. 19, pp. 5636–5648, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  19. K. Kneipp, M. Moskovits, and H. Kneipp, Eds., Surface-Enhanced Raman Scattering: Physics and Applications, Springer-Verlag, Berlin Heidelberg, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  20. P. Quaresma, I. Osório, G. Dória et al., “Star-shaped magnetite@gold nanoparticles for protein magnetic separation and SERS detection,” RSC Advances, vol. 4, no. 8, pp. 3690–3698, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. S. Schlücker, “Surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy: concepts and chemical applications,” Angewandte Chemie International Edition, vol. 53, no. 19, pp. 4756–4795, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. A. Araújo, C. Caro, M. J. Mendes et al., “Highly efficient nanoplasmonic SERS on cardboard packaging substrates,” Nanotechnology, vol. 25, no. 41, article 415202, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. M. Cueto, M. Piedrahita, C. Caro et al., “Platinum nanoparticles as photoactive substrates for mass spectrometry and spectroscopy sensors,” Journal of Physical Chemistry C, vol. 118, no. 21, pp. 11432–11439, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. K. Kneipp and H. Kneipp, “Surface enhanced Raman scattering—a tool for ultrasensitive trace analysis,” Canadian Journal of Analytical Sciences and Spectroscopy, vol. 48, pp. 125–131, 2003. View at Google Scholar
  25. K. Kneipp, H. Kneipp, I. Itzkan, R. R. Dasari, and M. S. Feld, “Surface-enhanced Raman scattering: a new tool for biomedical spectroscopy,” Current Science, vol. 77, pp. 915–924, 1999. View at Google Scholar
  26. R. A. Alvarez-Puebla and L. M. Liz-Marzán, “SERS detection of small inorganic molecules and ions,” Angewandte Chemie International Edition, vol. 51, no. 45, pp. 11214–11223, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. K. Kneipp, H. Kneipp, I. Itzkan, R. R. Dasari, and M. S. Feld, “Ultrasensitive chemical analysis by Raman spectroscopy,” Chemical Reviews, vol. 99, no. 10, pp. 2957–2976, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  28. L. Chen, J. M. Chabu, R. Jin, and J. Xiao, “Single gold-nanoparticles-decorated silver/carbon nanowires as substrates for surface-enhanced Raman scattering detection,” RSC Advances, vol. 3, no. 48, pp. 26102–26109, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. K. Kneipp, H. Kneipp, I. Itzkan, R. R. Dasari, and M. S. Feld, “Surface-enhanced Raman scattering and biophysics,” Journal of Physics. Condensed Matter, vol. 14, no. 18, pp. R597–R624, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. D. Pan and D. L. Phillips, “FT-surface-enhanced Raman scattering of 2,2-cyanine adsorbed on silver with AFM characterization of silver films,” Chemical Physics Letters, vol. 275, no. 3-4, pp. 227–233, 1997. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  31. J. R. Lombardi and R. L. Birke, “A unified approach to surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy,” Journal of Physical Chemistry C, vol. 112, no. 14, pp. 5605–5617, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. Z. Zhang and T. Imae, “Study of surface-enhanced infrared spectroscopy: 1. Dependence of the enhancement on thickness of metal island films and structure of chemisorbed molecules,” Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, vol. 233, no. 1, pp. 99–106, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. L. K. Ausman, S. Li, and G. C. Schatz, “Structural effects in the electromagnetic enhancement mechanism of surface-enhanced Raman scattering: dipole reradiation and rectangular symmetry effects for nanoparticle arrays,” Journal of Physical Chemistry C, vol. 116, no. 33, pp. 17318–17327, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  34. H. Guo, W. Xu, J. Zhou, S. Xu, and J. R. Lombardi, “Highly efficient construction of oriented sandwich structures for surface-enhanced Raman scattering,” Nanotechnology, vol. 24, no. 4, article 045608, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  35. C. Caro, M. J. Sayagues, V. Franco, A. Conde, P. Zaderenko, and F. Gámez, “A hybrid silver-magnetite detector based on surface enhanced Raman scattering for differentiating organic compounds,” Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical, vol. 228, pp. 124–133, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  36. P. Johansson, H. Xu, and M. Käll, “Surface-enhanced Raman scattering and fluorescence near metal nanoparticles,” Physical Review B, vol. 72, no. 3, article 035427, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  37. W. Yue, Z. Wang, X. Wang et al., “Fabrication of metallic nanostructures of sub-20 nm with an optimized process of E-beam lithography and lift-off,” Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, vol. 12, no. 1, pp. 696–699, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  38. R. Eason, Pulsed Laser Deposition of Thin Films: Applications-Led Growth of Functional Materials, Wiley-Interscience, University of Michigan, 2007.
  39. L. A. Dick, A. D. McFarland, C. L. Haynes, and R. P. Van Duyne, “Metal film over nanosphere (MFON) electrodes for surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS): improvements in surface nanostructure stability and suppression of irreversible loss,” The Journal of Physical Chemistry. B, vol. 106, no. 4, pp. 853–860, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  40. M. Litorja, C. L. Haynes, A. J. Haes, T. R. Jensen, and R. P. Van Duyne, “Surface-enhanced Raman scattering detected temperature programmed desorption: optical properties, nanostructure, and stability of silver film over SiO2 nanosphere surfaces,” The Journal of Physical Chemistry. B, vol. 105, no. 29, pp. 6907–6915, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  41. G. Sauer, G. Brehm, and S. Schneider, “Preparation of SERS-active gold film electrodes via electrocrystallization: their characterization and application with NIR excitation,” Journal of Raman Spectroscopy, vol. 35, no. 7, pp. 568–576, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  42. J. H. Dickerson and A. R. Boccaccini, Electrophoretic Deposition of Nanomaterials, Springer, New York, NY, USA, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  43. K. X. Xu, M. H. Guo, Y. P. Huang, X. D. Li, and J. J. Sun, “Rapid and sensitive detection of malachite green in aquaculture water by electrochemical preconcentration and surface-enhanced Raman scattering,” Talanta, vol. 180, pp. 383–388, 2018. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  44. B. S. Lee, P. C. Lin, D. Z. Lin, and T. J. Yen, “Rapid biochemical mixture screening by three-dimensional patterned multifunctional substrate with ultra-thin layer chromatography (UTLC) and surface enhanced Raman scattering (SERS),” Scientific Reports, vol. 8, no. 1, p. 516, 2018. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  45. J. Hu, B. Zhao, W. Xu, Y. Fan, B. Li, and Y. Ozaki, “Simple method for preparing controllably aggregated silver particle films used as surface-enhanced Raman scattering active substrates,” Langmuir, vol. 18, no. 18, pp. 6839–6844, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  46. P. Leyton, S. Sanchez-Cortes, J. V. Garcia-Ramos et al., “Selective molecular recognition of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) on calix[4]arene-functionalized Ag nanoparticles by surface-enhanced Raman scattering,” The Journal of Physical Chemistry. B, vol. 108, no. 45, pp. 17484–17490, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  47. L. Shu, J. Zhou, X. Yuan et al., “Highly sensitive immunoassay based on SERS using nano-Au immune probes and a nano-Ag immune substrate,” Talanta, vol. 123, pp. 161–168, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  48. M. V. Canamares, P. Sevilla, S. Sanchez‐Cortes, and J. V. Garcia‐Ramos, “Surface-enhanced Raman scattering study of the interaction of red dye alizarin with ovalbumin,” Biopolymers, vol. 82, no. 4, pp. 405–409, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  49. Y. Wang, H. Chen, S. Dong, and E. Wang, “Fabrication and characterization of SERS-active silver clusters on glassy carbon,” Journal of Raman Spectroscopy, vol. 38, no. 5, pp. 515–521, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  50. C. Caro, C. López‐Cartes, P. Zaderenko, and J. A. Mejías, “Thiol-immobilized silver nanoparticle aggregate films for surface enhanced Raman scattering,” Journal of Raman Spectroscopy, vol. 39, no. 9, pp. 1162–1169, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  51. N. Leopold and B. Lendl, “A new method for fast preparation of highly surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) active silver colloids at room temperature by reduction of silver nitrate with hydroxylamine hydrochloride,” The Journal of Physical Chemistry. B, vol. 107, no. 24, pp. 5723–5727, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  52. I. Washio, Y. Xiong, Y. Yin, and Y. Xia, “Reduction by the end groups of poly(vinyl pyrrolidone): a new and versatile route to the kinetically controlled synthesis of Ag triangular nanoplates,” Advanced Materials, vol. 18, no. 13, pp. 1745–1749, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  53. G. S. S. Saini, S. Kaur, S. K. Tripathi, C. G. Mahajan, H. H. Thanga, and A. L. Verma, “Spectroscopic studies of rhodamine 6G dispersed in polymethylcyanoacrylate,” Spectrochimica Acta Part A: Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy, vol. 61, no. 4, pp. 653–658, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  54. L. Guerrini, J. V. Garcia-Ramos, C. Domingo, and S. Sanchez- Cortes, “Nanosensors based on viologen functionalized silver nanoparticles: few molecules surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy detection of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in interparticle hot spots,” Analytical Chemistry, vol. 81, no. 4, pp. 1418–1425, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  55. C. Andreou, M. R. Hoonejani, M. R. Barmi, M. Moskovits, and C. D. Meinhart, “Rapid detection of drugs of abuse in saliva using surface enhanced Raman spectroscopy and microfluidics,” ACS Nano, vol. 7, no. 8, pp. 7157–7164, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  56. E. C. Le Ru, E. Blackie, M. Meyer, and P. G. Etchegoin, “Surface enhanced Raman scattering enhancement factors: a comprehensive study,” Journal of Physical Chemistry C, vol. 111, no. 37, pp. 13794–13803, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus