Table of Contents
Journal of Signal Transduction
Volume 2012, Article ID 520289, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/520289
Review Article

New Insights into the p38γ and p38δ MAPK Pathways

Departamento de Inmunología y Oncología, Centro Nacional de Biotecnología-CSIC, Campus de Cantoblanco-UAM, 28049 Madrid, Spain

Received 15 August 2011; Accepted 13 October 2011

Academic Editor: Bertrand Jean-Claude

Copyright © 2012 Ana Risco and Ana Cuenda. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The mammalian p38 mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) family is composed of four members (p38α, p38β, p38γ, and p38δ), which are very similar in amino acid sequence but differ in their expression patterns. This suggests that they may have specific functions in different organs. In the last years most of the effort has been centred on the study of the function of the p38α isoform, which is widely referred to as p38 in the literature. However, the role that other p38 isoforms play in cellular functions and their implication in some of the pathological conditions have not been precisely defined so far. In this paper we highlight recent advances made in defining the functions of the two less studied alternative p38MAPKs, p38γ and p38δ. We describe that these p38MAPKs show similarities to the classical p38α isoform, although they may play central and distinct role in certain physiological and pathological processes.