Table of Contents
Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Volume 2013, Article ID 524076, 20 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/524076
Research Article

Assessment of Sexual and Reproductive Health Status of Street Children in Addis Ababa

1College of Medicine and Health Science, Madawalabu University, Bale, Goba, Ethiopia
2College of Health Science, School of Public Health, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

Received 8 June 2013; Revised 14 September 2013; Accepted 25 September 2013

Academic Editor: Consuelo Beck-Sagué

Copyright © 2013 Demelash Habtamu and Addisie Adamu. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. “Street children in Ethiopia briefing to IPU,” Tech. Rep., Consortium for Street Children, 2009.
  2. G. Tadele, “The situation of sexual abuse against male street children in Merkato area, Addis Ababa,” 2007.
  3. WHO, “Module 1: a profile of street children,” in Working with Street Children: A Training Package on Substance Use, Sexual and Reproductive Health Including HIV/AIDS and STDs, p. 28, Geneva, switzerland, 2002. View at Google Scholar
  4. S. Meindert and C. Sonia, “Street children’s sexual realities and the assocition for promoting social action-sexual health intervention program,” 2006.
  5. UNESCO, “Street children and HIV/AIDS: methodological guide for facilitators,” Tech. Rep., 2006. View at Google Scholar
  6. Forum on Street Children Ethiopia, “Sample survey on the situation of street children in eight major towns of Ethiopia,” Tech. Rep., 2003. View at Google Scholar
  7. United Nations office for the coordination of humanitarian affairs, “Ethiopia: focus on street children rehabilitation project,” Tech. Rep., Integrated Regional Information Networks, Nairobi, Kenya, 2004. View at Google Scholar
  8. T. Mekonnen, “Factors predisposing street children to HIV/AIDS in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia,” Tech. Rep., 2005. View at Google Scholar
  9. WHO, “Module 4: understanding sexual and reproductive health including HIV/AIDS and STDs among street children,” in Working With Street Children: A Training Package on Substance Use, Sexual and Reproductive Health Including HIV/AIDS and STDs, p. 34, Geneva, switzerland, 2002. View at Google Scholar
  10. K. A. Tyler, L. B. Whitbeck, X. Chen, and K. Johnson, “Sexual health of homeless youth: prevalence and correlates of sexually transmissible infections,” Sexual Health, vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 57–61, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. G. Atanu, “Risky sexual behavior, substance abuse and sexually transmitted infections among street adolescents in India,” Tech. Rep., 2007. View at Google Scholar
  12. G. Tadele and D. Ayode, “The situation of sexual abuse and commercial sexual exploitation of girl children in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia,” Tech. Rep., Forum on Street Children, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 2008. View at Google Scholar
  13. S. Solomon, K. Tesfay, and L. Erosie, “Health problems of street children and women in Awassa, Southern Ethiopia,” Ethiopian Journal of Health Development, vol. 16, no. 2, pp. 129–137, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  14. G. Tadele, “‘Unrecognized victims’: sexual abuse against male street children in Merkato area, Addis Ababa,” Ethiopian Journal of Health Development, vol. 23, no. 3, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  15. WHO, “Module 6: responding to the needs and problems of street children,” in Working With Street Children: A Training Package on Substance Use, Sexual and Reproductive Health Including HIV/AIDS and STDs, p. 32, Geneva, switzerland, 2002. View at Google Scholar
  16. E. Yimam, Assessment of reproductive health behavior and needs of street youth in dessie town, amhara region [M.S. thesis], Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 2007.
  17. N. Taffa, S. Johanne, C. Holm-Hansen, and G. Bjune, “HIV prevalence and socio-cultural contexts of sexuality among youth in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia,” Ethiopian Journal of Health Development, vol. 16, no. 2, pp. 139–145, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  18. G. Tadelle, “Sexuality and HIV/AIDS risk and perception among male street youths in Dessie,” Northeast African Studies, vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 109–126, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  19. M. Cecilia, “Life skills approaches to improving youth‘s sexual and reproductive health,” Issues at A Glance, Advocates for Youth, Washington, DC, USA, 2002, http://www.advocatesforyouth.org/. View at Google Scholar
  20. J. Clark, T. Dibebe, M. Focas Licht, and M. Paludan, “Country programme review, Ethiopia,” Save the Children, Denmark, 2005. View at Google Scholar
  21. M. Kennedy, “Sexual health and homelessness: the experience of a specialist sexual health service in Glasgow,” Tech. Rep., 2010. View at Google Scholar
  22. WHO, “Module 7: teaching street children,” in Working With Street Children: A Training Package on Substance Use, Sexual and Reproductive Health Including HIV/AIDS and STDs, p. 36, Geneva, switzerland, 2002. View at Google Scholar
  23. A. Deirder and G. Roy, “Aualiity health care for homeles youth: examining barriers to care,” A Children‘s Heath Fund White Paper, The Children‘s Heath Fund, New York, NY, USA, 2005. View at Google Scholar
  24. J. Williamson, “Assessment of the street children and orphans component of the pact NGO sector enhancement initiative in Ethiopia,” Tech. Rep., USAID, Washington, DC, USA, 2000. View at Google Scholar
  25. Central Statistical Agency of Ethiopia, “Summary and statistical report of the 2007 poppulation and housing census,” Tech. Rep., United Nations Population Fund, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 2008. View at Google Scholar
  26. P. K. Kayembe, M. A. Mapatano, A. B. Fatuma et al., “Knowledge of HIV, sexual behavior and correlates of risky sex among street children in Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of Congo,” East African Journal of Public Health, vol. 5, no. 3, pp. 186–192, 2008. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. M. Molla, S. Ismail, A. Kumie, and F. Kebede, “Sexual Violence among female street adolescents in Addis Ababa,” Ethiopian Journal of Health Development, vol. 16, no. 2, pp. 119–128, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  28. N. H. Saleem, A. Adrien, and A. Razaque, “Risky sexual behavior, knowledge of sexually transmitted infections and treatment utilization among a vulnerable population in Rawalpindi, Pakistan,” Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health, vol. 39, no. 4, pp. 642–648, 2008. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. L. Muntingh, D. Elemu, and L. Moens, “Report on survey and analysis of the situation of street children in Zambia,” Tech. Rep., Zambia Ministry of Community Development and Social Services and Zambia Ministry of Sport, Youth and Child Development, 2006. View at Google Scholar
  30. Ethiopian Public Health Association, “Young people‘s HIV/AIDs & reproductive health needs and utilization of services in selectedregions of Ethiopia,” Tech. Rep., 2005. View at Google Scholar