Table of Contents
Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Volume 2015, Article ID 194831, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/194831
Research Article

Monitoring HIV Epidemic in Pregnant Women: Are the Current Measures Enough?

Department of Microbiology, Seth G. S. Medical College and KEM Hospital, Mumbai 400012, India

Received 14 August 2014; Revised 1 November 2014; Accepted 29 December 2014

Academic Editor: Benoît Masse

Copyright © 2015 Purva Sarkate et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Introduction. Burden of HIV in pregnant women follows overall epidemic in India. Hence, it is imperative that prevalence calculations in this group be accurate. The present study was carried out to determine prevalence of HIV in pregnant women attending our hospital, to determine trend of HIV infection and to compare our results with reported prevalence. Methods. All pregnant women are routinely counselled for HIV testing using opt-out strategy. Year-wise positivity and trend were determined in these patients over a period of five years. The positivity in different age groups was determined. Results. 31,609 women were tested of which 279 (0.88%) were positive. Positivity showed a declining trend over study period and significant quadratic trend (biphasic, ) was observed. The positivity in older age group ≥35 years (1.64%) was significantly more than younger age groups (0.76% in 15–24-year and 0.94% in 25–34-year age group) (). Conclusion. A significant decline in HIV positivity was seen over the study period. Taking into account heterogeneous nature of HIV epidemic even within the same district, analysis at local levels especially using the prevention of parent to child transmission of HIV program data is critical for HIV programming and resource allocation.