Table of Contents
Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Volume 2015, Article ID 791024, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/791024
Review Article

Human Papilloma Virus Associated Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Head and Neck

1Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, A B Shetty Memorial Institute of Dental Sciences, Nitte University, Deralakatte, Mangalore 575018, India
2Department of Ophthalmology, K S Hegde Medical Academy, Nitte University, Deralakatte, Mangalore 575018, India
3Department of Microbiology, K S Hegde Medical Academy, Nitte University, Deralakatte, Mangalore 575018, India

Received 28 May 2015; Accepted 8 September 2015

Academic Editor: Perry Halkitis

Copyright © 2015 Vidya Ajila et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. P. T. Mathur, P. K. Dayal, and K. M. Pai, “Correlation of clinical patterns of oral squamous cell carcinoma with age, site, sex and habits,” Journal of Indian Academy of Oral Medicine and Radiology, vol. 23, pp. 81–85, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  2. P. R. Kulkarni, H. Rani, M. G. Vimalambike, and S. Ravishankar, “Opportunistic screening for cervical cancer in a Tertiary Hospital in Karnataka, India,” Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention, vol. 14, no. 9, pp. 5101–5105, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. R. Rajendran and B. Sivapathasundaram, Eds., Shafer's Textbook of Oral Pathology, Elsevier, 2008.
  4. S. R. Prabhu and D. F. Wilson, “Human papillomavirus and oral disease—emerging evidence: a review,” Australian Dental Journal, vol. 58, no. 1, pp. 2–10, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. N. Reddout, T. Christensen, A. Bunnell et al., “High risk HPV types 18 and 16 are potent modulators of oral squamous cell carcinoma phenotypes in vitro,” Infectious Agents and Cancer, vol. 2, article 21, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. C. B. Lajer and C. V. Buchwald, “The role of human papillomavirus in head and neck cancer,” APMIS, vol. 118, no. 6-7, pp. 510–519, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. F. Martín-Hernán, J.-G. Sánchez-Hernández, J. Cano, J. Campo, and J. del Romero, “Oral cancer, HPV infection and evidence of sexual transmission,” Medicina Oral, Patologia Oral y Cirugia Bucal, vol. 18, no. 3, pp. e439–e444, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. J. K. Stephen, G. Divine, K. M. Chen, D. Chitale, S. Havard, and M. J. Worsham, “Significance of p16 in site-specific HPV positive and HPV negative head and neck squamous cell carcinoma,” Cancer and Clinical Oncology, vol. 2, pp. 51–61, 2013. View at Google Scholar
  9. N. Termine, V. Panzarella, S. Falaschini et al., “HPV in oral squamous cell carcinoma vs head and neck squamous cell carcinoma biopsies: a meta-analysis (1988–2007),” Annals of Oncology, vol. 19, no. 10, pp. 1681–1690, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. S. S. Kulkarni, S. S. Kulkarni, P. P. Vastrad et al., “Prevalence and distribution of high risk human papillomavirus (HPV) types 16 and 18 in carcinoma of cervix, saliva of patients with oral squamous cell carcinoma and in the general population in Karnataka, India,” Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention, vol. 12, no. 3, pp. 645–648, 2011. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. K. J. Elango, A. Suresh, E. M. Erode et al., “Role of human papilloma virus in oral tongue squamous cell carcinoma,” Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention, vol. 12, no. 4, pp. 889–896, 2011. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. W. H. Westra, “The changing face of head and neck cancer in the 21st century: the impact of hpv on the epidemiology and pathology of oral cancer,” Head and Neck Pathology, vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 78–81, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. A. Y. Babiker, F. M. Eltom, M. S. Abdalaziz, A. Rahmani, S. Abusail, and H. G. Ahmed, “Screening for high risk human papilloma virus (HR-HPV) subtypes, among sudanese patients with oral lesions,” International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, vol. 6, no. 4, pp. 275–281, 2013. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. R. Herrero, X. Castellsagué, M. Pawlita et al., “Human papillomavirus and oral cancer: the international agency for research on cancer multicenter study,” Journal of the National Cancer Institute, vol. 95, no. 23, pp. 1772–1783, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. G. Y. F. Ho, P. R. Palan, J. Basu et al., “Viral characteristics of human papillomavirus infection and antioxidant levels as risk factors for cervical dysplasia,” International Journal of Cancer, vol. 78, no. 5, pp. 594–599, 1998. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. J. Du, C. Nordfors, A. Ährlund-Richter et al., “Prevalence of oral human papillomavirus infection among youth, Sweden,” Emerging Infectious Diseases, vol. 18, no. 9, pp. 1468–1471, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. E. M. Smith, J. M. Ritchie, J. Yankowitz, D. Wang, L. P. Turek, and T. H. Haugen, “HPV prevalence and concordance in the cervix and oral cavity of pregnant women,” Infectious Disease in Obstetrics and Gynecology, vol. 12, no. 2, pp. 45–56, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. M. Adamopoulou, E. Vairaktaris, E. Nkenke et al., “Prevalence of human papillomavirus in saliva and cervix of sexually active women,” Gynecologic Oncology, vol. 129, no. 2, pp. 395–400, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. C. Fakhry, G. D'souza, E. Sugar et al., “Relationship between prevalent oral and cervical human papillomavirus infections in human immunodeficiency virus-positive and -negative women,” Journal of Clinical Microbiology, vol. 44, no. 12, pp. 4479–4485, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. R. Saini, T. P. Khim, S. A. Rahman, M. Ismail, and T. H. Tang, “High-risk human papillomavirus in the oral cavity of women with cervical cancer, and their children,” Virology Journal, vol. 7, article 131, 6 pages, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. S. Mitra, S. Banerjee, C. Misra et al., “Interplay between human papilloma virus infection and p53 gene alterations in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma of an Indian patient population,” Journal of Clinical Pathology, vol. 60, no. 9, pp. 1040–1047, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. M. Dai, G. M. Clifford, F. Le Calvez et al., “Human papillomavirus type 16 and TP53 mutation in oral cancer: matched analysis of the IARC multicenter study,” Cancer Research, vol. 64, no. 2, pp. 468–471, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. P. Koppikar, E.-M. de Villiers, and R. Mulherkar, “Identification of human papillomaviruses in tumors of the oral cavity in an Indian community,” International Journal of Cancer, vol. 113, no. 6, pp. 946–950, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. S. Nair and M. R. Pillai, “Human papillomavirus and disease mechanisms: relevance to oral and cervical cancers,” Oral Diseases, vol. 11, no. 6, pp. 350–359, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. A. R. Kreimer, “Prospects for prevention of HPV driven oropharynx cancer,” Oral Oncology, vol. 50, no. 6, pp. 555–559, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. E. Benson, R. Li, D. Eisele, and C. Fakhry, “The clinical impact of HPV tumor status upon head and neck squamous cell carcinomas,” Oral Oncology, vol. 50, no. 6, pp. 565–574, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. H. Mirghani, F. Amen, F. Moreau et al., “Human papilloma virus testing in oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma: what the clinician should know,” Oral Oncology, vol. 50, no. 1, pp. 1–9, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. G. Pannone, V. Rodolico, A. Santoro et al., “Evaluation of a combined triple method to detect causative HPV in oral and oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinomas: P16 immunohistochemistry, consensus PCR HPV-DNA, and in Situ Hybridization,” Infectious Agents and Cancer, vol. 7, article 4, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. A. K. Chaudhary, S. Pandya, R. Mehrotra, A. C. Bharti, M. Singh, and M. Singh, “Comparative study between the Hybrid Capture II test and PCR based assay for the detection of human papillomavirus DNA in oral submucous fibrosis and oral squamous cell carcinoma,” Virology Journal, vol. 7, article 253, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. J. E. Cameron, I. V. Snowhite, A. K. Chaturvedi, and M. E. Hagensee, “Human papillomavirus-specific antibody status in oral fluids modestly reflects serum status in human immunodeficiency virus-positive individuals,” Clinical and Diagnostic Laboratory Immunology, vol. 10, no. 3, pp. 431–438, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. S. M. Schwartz, J. R. Daling, D. R. Doody et al., “Oral cancer risk in relation to sexual history and evidence of human papillomavirus infection,” Journal of the National Cancer Institute, vol. 90, no. 21, pp. 1626–1636, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. M. Adamopoulou, E. Vairaktaris, V. Panis, E. Nkenke, F. W. Neukam, and C. Yapijakis, “HPV detection rate in saliva may depend on the immune system efficiency,” In Vivo, vol. 22, no. 5, pp. 599–602, 2008. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. J. Massano, F. S. Regateiro, G. Januário, and A. Ferreira, “Oral squamous cell carcinoma: review of prognostic and predictive factors,” Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology, Oral Radiology and Endodontology, vol. 102, no. 1, pp. 67–76, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  34. K. B. Jadhav and N. Gupta, “Clinicopathological prognostic implicators of oral squamous cell carcinoma: need to understand and revise,” North American Journal of Medical Sciences, vol. 5, no. 12, pp. 671–679, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  35. C. Liang, C. J. Marsit, M. D. McClean et al., “Biomarkers of HPV in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma,” Cancer Research, vol. 72, no. 19, pp. 5004–5013, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  36. A. R. Giuliano, E. M. Siegel, D. J. Roe et al., “Dietary intake and risk of persistent human papillomavirus (HPV) infection: the Ludwig-McGill HPV Natural History Study,” The Journal of Infectious Diseases, vol. 188, no. 10, pp. 1508–1516, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  37. R. J. Kimple and P. M. Harari, “Is radiation dose reduction the right answer for HPV-positive head and neck cancer?” Oral Oncology, vol. 50, no. 6, pp. 560–564, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus