Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Journal of Toxicology
Volume 2011 (2011), Article ID 316789, 7 pages
Research Article

Identification of the Botanical Origin of Commercial Pine Nuts Responsible for Dysgeusia by Gas-Liquid Chromatography Analysis of Fatty Acid Profile

1Nestlé Research Centre, Vers-chez-les-Blanc, 1000 Lausanne 26, Switzerland
2Belgian Poison Control Centre, Hôpital Militaire Reine Astrid, Rue Bruyn, 1120 Bruxelles, Belgium

Received 13 October 2010; Accepted 18 January 2011

Academic Editor: Susan Sumner

Copyright © 2011 Frédéric Destaillats et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Over the last 10 years, complaints were increasingly reported from consumers that experienced dysgeusia following the consumption of pine nuts. In the present study, pine nuts samples (N = 16) from consumers that reported dysgeusia have been analyzed to identify the botanical origin of critical pine nuts samples. The fatty acid composition of the samples was performed, and diagnostic index values were used to identify the botanical origin of the samples. Pinus armandii nuts were identified in all the samples pure or in mixture with P. koraiensis nuts. P. armandii is not reported as edible pine nuts by the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). This study confirmed that consumption of P. armandii nuts may lead to dysgeusia. Based on the present study and previous work, we advise import companies to trade pine nuts from traditionally recognized species such as P. pinea, P. sibirica, P. koraiensis, or P. gerardiana.