Table of Contents
Journal of Textiles
Volume 2013, Article ID 757319, 9 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/757319
Research Article

Influence of Phase-Change Materials on Thermo-Physiological Comfort in Warm Environment

Academy of Design in Ljubljana, Associated Member of University of Primorska, Vojkova 63, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia

Received 28 December 2012; Revised 25 February 2013; Accepted 26 February 2013

Academic Editor: Phillip W. Gibson

Copyright © 2013 Damjana Celcar. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The purpose of this research work is to investigate the influence of phase-change materials (PCMs) on thermo-physiological comfort of different male business clothing systems evaluated in warm environment. The impact of particular business clothing on the thermo-physiological comfort of the wearer during different physical activity and environmental conditions (between 25°C and 10°C with step of 5°C), artificially created in a climate chamber, was determined experimentally, as a change of three physiological parameters of a human being: mean skin temperature, heart rate, and the amount of evaporated and condensed sweat. A questionnaire and an assessment scale were also used before, during, and after each experiment in order to evaluate the wearer’s subjective feeling of comfort. The results of the performed research work show that male business clothing systems in combination with PCMs do not affect the thermal-physiological comfort of the wearer in warm environment significantly, except at an ambient temperature of 15°C, where clothing systems in combination with PCMs produce a small heating effect. Furthermore, it was concluded that clothing systems in combination with PCMs indicate a small temporary thermal effect that is reflected in a slight rising or lowering of mean skin temperature during activity changes.