Table of Contents
Journal of Textiles
Volume 2014, Article ID 154184, 9 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/154184
Review Article

Applied Biomimetics: A New Fresh Look of Textiles

Institute of Macromolecular Chemistry Petru Poni Iaşi, Aleea Grigore Ghica Vodă, No. 41A, 700487 Iaşi, Romania

Received 4 November 2013; Accepted 7 January 2014; Published 25 February 2014

Academic Editor: Ricardo Molina

Copyright © 2014 Mirela Teodorescu. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Biomimetics is a new research field that deals with extraction and imitation of functional principles of nature and applying them in engineering. Due to the perfection of structures and mechanisms found in the natural world, scientists came to the conclusion that these may constitute reliable sources of inspiration and viable solutions for technological problems they face today. Industrial applications have rapidly developed. Trying to synthesize all information about this extremely large field, with branches in biology, physics, chemistry, and engineering, soon I realised that an exhaustive study is merely a utopia. Despite all that, the beauty and perfection of “inspiration sources” which led to the fabrication of many biomimetic prototypes encouraged me to approach with thrill and enthusiasm this fascinating domain, not in general, but in a more specific field, the textile field. After a brief introduction to Biomimetics and a historical review of it, there are presented some of the most important biomimetic textiles innovations, among which I mention fibrous structures, multifunctional surfaces, thermal insulating materials, and structurally coloured materials.