Table of Contents
Journal of Textiles
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 363079, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/363079
Research Article

Dyeing of Polyester and Polyamide Synthetic Fabrics with Natural Dyes Using Ecofriendly Technique

1Chemical Metrology, National Institute of Standards, Cairo 12211, Egypt
2Department of Textile Printing, Dyeing and Finishing, Faculty of Applied Arts, Damietta University, Damietta 34512, Egypt

Received 28 July 2014; Revised 30 October 2014; Accepted 31 October 2014; Published 24 November 2014

Academic Editor: Ricardo Molina

Copyright © 2014 Khaled Elnagar et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

This work presents an ecofriendly method for dyeing synthetic fabrics with natural dyes using UV/ozone pretreatment to activate fiber and improve dyeability of polyester and nylon. Fabrics are pretreated with UV/ozone for different periods of time ranged from 5 min to 120 min. Effect of pretreatment on surface morphology was studied by scanning electron microscope (SEM). Mechanical behavior was studied by testing tensile strength and elongation percentage. Chemical modification of the surface was studied using attenuated total reflection Fourier transform infrared spectrometer (ATR-FTIR). Dyeability of the treated samples was investigated in terms of their colour strength expressed as K/s in addition to fastness to washing and light. This research showed the increment of the affinity of the studied synthetic fabrics towards curcumin and saffron natural dyes using ecofriendly technique.