Table of Contents
Journal of Thermodynamics
Volume 2012, Article ID 641251, 13 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/641251
Research Article

Computation of Isobaric Vapor-Liquid Equilibrium Data for Binary and Ternary Mixtures of Methanol, Water, and Ethanoic Acid from , , , and Measurements

1Department of Chemistry and Materials Engineering, Hefei University, Anhui, Hefei 230022, China
2Sino-German Research Center for Process Engineering and Energy Technology, Anhui, Hefei 230022, China
3Department of Engineering, Jade University of Applied Science, 26389 Wilhelmshaven, Germany

Received 25 March 2012; Revised 5 August 2012; Accepted 5 August 2012

Academic Editor: Ahmet Z. Sahin

Copyright © 2012 Daming Gao et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Vapor-liquid equilibrium (VLE) data for the strongly associated ternary system methanol + water + ethanoic acid and the three constituent binary systems have been determined by the total pressure-temperature-liquid-phase composition-molar excess enthalpy of mixing of the liquid phase (, , , ) for the binary systems using a novel pump ebulliometer at 101.325 kPa. The vapor-phase compositions of these binary systems had been calculated from and based on the function of molar excess Gibbs energy through an indirect method. Moreover, the experimental , data are used to estimate nonrandom two-liquid (NRTL), Wilson, Margules, and van Laar model parameters, and these parameters in turn are used to calculate vapor-phase compositions. The activity coefficients of the solution were correlated with NRTL, Wilson, Margules, and van Laar models through fitting by least-squares method. The VLE data of the ternary system were well predicted from these binary interaction parameters of NRTL, Wilson, Margules, and van Laar model parameters without any additional adjustment to build the thermodynamic model of VLE for the ternary system and obtain the vapor-phase compositions and the calculated bubble points.