Table of Contents
Journal of Thermodynamics
Volume 2015 (2015), Article ID 268034, 11 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/268034
Research Article

Thermal-Hydraulics Study of a 75 kWth Aqueous Homogeneous Reactor for 99Mo Production

1Higher Institute of Technologies and Applied Sciences (InSTEC), Avenida Salvador Allende y Luaces, Quinta de Los Molinos, Plaza de la Revolución, 10400 Havana, Cuba
2Tecnología Nuclear Médica SpA (TNM), Latadia, Las Condes, 4250 Santiago, Chile
3Departamento de Energía Nuclear, Universidad Federal de Pernambuco (UFPE), Cidade Universitária, Avenida Professor Luiz Freire, 1000 Recife, PE, Brazil

Received 12 September 2015; Revised 24 November 2015; Accepted 2 December 2015

Academic Editor: Pedro Jorge Martins Coelho

Copyright © 2015 Daniel Milian Pérez et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

is a very useful radioisotope, which is used in nearly 80% of all nuclear medicine procedures. is produced from 99Mo decay. A potentially advantageous alternative to meeting current and future demand for 99Mo is the use of Aqueous Homogeneous Reactors (AHR). In this paper, a thermal-hydraulics study of the core of a 75 kWth AHR conceptual design based on the ARGUS reactor for 99Mo production is presented. As the ARGUS heat removal systems were designed for working at 20 kWth, the main objective of the thermal-hydraulics study was evaluating the heat removal systems in order to show that sufficient cooling capacity exists to prevent fuel solution overheating. The numerical simulations of an AHR model were carried out using the Computational Fluid Dynamic (CFD) code ANSYS CFX 14. Evaluation shows that the ARGUS heat removal systems working at 75 kWth are not able to provide sufficient cooling capacity to prevent fuel solution overheating. To solve this problem, the number of coiled cooling pipes inside the core was increased from one to five. The results of the CFD simulations with this modification in the design show that acceptable temperature distributions can be obtained.