Table of Contents
Journal of Thermodynamics
Volume 2016, Article ID 3487182, 14 pages
Research Article

Effect of Magnetic Field on Mixed Convection Heat Transfer in a Lid-Driven Square Cavity

1Centre for Research in Computational Mathematics, Faculty of Science, Technology and Human Development, Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia, 86400 Parit Raja, Batu Pahat, Johor, Malaysia
2Department of Mechanical Engineering, Najafabad Branch, Islamic Azad University, Najafabad, Iran

Received 8 October 2015; Revised 1 February 2016; Accepted 14 February 2016

Academic Editor: Pedro Jorge Martins Coelho

Copyright © 2016 N. A. Bakar et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The effect of magnetic field on fluid flow and heat transfer in two-dimensional square cavity is analyzed numerically. The vertical walls are insulated; the top wall is maintained at cold temperature, while the bottom wall is maintained at hot temperature, where . The dimensionless governing equations are solved using finite volume method and SIMPLE algorithm. The streamlines and isotherm plots and the variation of Nusselt numbers on hot and cold walls are presented.