Journal of Tropical Medicine / 2011 / Article / Tab 2

Research Article

The Effect of 50 000 IU Vitamin A with BCG Vaccine at Birth on Growth in the First Year of Life

Table 2

The effect of neonatal vitamin A supplementation (VAS) on weight and length parameters at 6 and 12 months of age overall and by sex.

AllBoysGirls
VASPlaceboDifference
(95% CI)
RR
(95% CI)
VASPlaceboDifference
(95% CI)
RR
(95% CI)
VAS. APlaceboDifference (95% CI)RR
(95% CI)

6 months of age

308308149150159158
Age at measurement in days181182181182181182
Length in cm64.464.30.1
(−0.4; 0.49)
65.3650.3
(−0.4; 0.9)
63.663.7−0.1
(−0.7; 0.4)
Length for age z-score (LAZ)−0.97−1.010.05
(−0.12; 0.22)
−1.04−1.180.14
(−0.12; 0.41)
−0.90−0.86−0.04
(−0.25; 0.17)
Stunted (LAZ <−2)16%16%1.00
(0.69; 1.44)
19%24%0.81
(0.52; 1.25)
12%8%1.57
(0.79; 3.13)
Weight in kg7.597.61−0.02
(−0.18; 0.14)
7.837.96−0.13
(−0.35; 0.10)
7.367.280.08
(−0.13; 0.30)
Weight for age z-score (WAZ)−0.05−0.03−0.02
(−0.18; 0.14)
−0.120.00−0.12
(−0.36; 0.12)
0.02−0.060.08
(−0.16; 0.31)
Underweight (WAZ <−2)3%2%1.66
(0.61; 4.53)
3%2%1.68
(0.42; 0.6.90)
3%2%1.66
(0.40; 6.81)

12 months of age

224244102121122123
Age at measurement in days362363359363365363
Length in cm71.771.60.1
(−0.3; 0.6)
72.472.10.2
(−0.4; 0.9)
71.171.00.1
(−0.5; 0.7)
Length for age z-score (LAZ)−1.20−1.300.10
(−0.08; 0.28)
−1.32−1.480.16
(−0.12; 0.43)
−1.11−1.130.02
(−0.21; 0.25)
Stunted (LAZ <−2)21%24%0.85
(0.60; 1.19)
25%34%0.75
(0.49; 1.14)
16%15%1.12
(0.63; 2.01)
Weight in kg8.868.790.08
(−0.14; 0.29)
9.119.010.10
(−0.20; 0.39)
8.668.570.09
(−0.22; 0.41)
Weight for age z-score (WAZ)−0.44−0.540.10
(−0.11; 0.31)
−0.54−0.660.12
(−0.17, 0.42)
−0.37−0.430.06
(−0.23, 0.35)
Underweight (WAZ <−2)7%9%0.74
(0.39, 1.38)
5%13%0.39
(0.14, 1.04)
8%6%1.44
(0.57, 3.66)

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